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Health Care

Autor: Dievča anika (19)
Hodnotenie: 7.8
Dátum: 22.06.2011
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 870 slov
Počet zobrazení: 15509
Tlačení: 607
Uložení: 477
Praktické!

Health Care
 
Talk about:
- Common illnesses / diseases, symptoms, treatment /bežné choroby, symptómy, liečba/
- A healthy lifestyle /zdravý životný štýl/
- How can people protect their health /ako si môžu ľudia chrániť zdravie/
- Health care in Slovakia /zdravotná starostlivosť v SR/
- A visit to a doctor /návšteva lekára/

Health /zdravie/ is very important and therefore everybody should look after it.
1.  People can suffer from /trpieť, byť chorý na/ these illnesses and diseases:

- A FLU /chrípka/ - when you have a flu, you have a temperature /teplota/, your body aches /bolieť/ and you feel bad. You should see the doctor – he will give you antibiotics. You should stay in bed, drink a lot of tea and take pills /užívať tabletky/
- A COLD /nádcha/ - when you have a cold, you sneeze /kýchať/,  you have a sore throat /bolesť v hrdle/ and your nose is runny /tečie ti z nosa/. You should stay in bed, drink a lot of hot tea and take some vitamins.
- DIABETES – cukrovka
- APPENDICTIS – zápal slepého čreva
- DIARRHOEA  - hnačka
- MEASELS – osýpky

People can also suffer from fatal diseases /smrteľné choroby/. For example:

- AIDS – if you have AIDS, you lose /stratiť/ your immunity. The patient /pacient/ fells weak /slabý/, can have a fever /horúčka/, loses weight /chudne/ and any infection can be fatal to him. It is a very serious disease /vážna choroba/ and scientists /vedci/ are trying to find a cure /liek/ for it.
- CANCER /rakovina/ - a serious disease – the patient has a tumor /nádor/ which is cured /lieči sa/ by tablets, injections or a chemotherapy
- HEART ATTACK – srdcový infarkt

Diseases of civilization /civilizačné choroby/:
- ASTHMA - astma
- ALLERGIES - alergie
- MIGRENES – migréna

2. If we want to avoid /vyhnúť sa/ illnesses, we should keep /dodržiavať/ a helthy lifestyle /zdravý životný štýl/. A healthy lifestyle can help us to protect /ochrániť/ our body against diseases. A helathy lifestyle involves /zahŕňa/:
regular exercise – pravidelné cvičenie
plenty of rest – veľa odpočinku
enough sleep – dostatok spánku
good eating habits – dobré stravovacie návyky
a lot of vitamins – veľa vitamínov
no smoking or alcohol
we should think positively – mali by sme myslieť pozitívne
If we want to be healthy, we should take care of our health /starať sa o svoje zdravie/. We should:
clean our teeth regularly – čistiť si zuby pravidelne
do some exercise every day – každý deň cvičiť
go for a walk – ísť na prechádzku
have a massage or a sauna sometimes
reduce amount of fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol – zredukovať množstvo tuku, soli, cukru a cholesterolu
loose weight if we are overweight  - schudnúť ak máme nadváhu
visit our doctor /GP/ regularly for check-ups – navštíviť pravidelne lekára na kontroly
visit a dentist twice a year – navštíviť zubára dvakrát za rok
eat a lot of vegetables
take some vitamin pills – jesť vitamínové tabletky => it is better to eat fruit and vegetables. It is more healthy because fruit and vegetables don’t contain chemical additives /chemické prísady/ but the vitamin pills usually do. It is better to eat raw /surový/ fruit and vegetables because when we cook it, it looses the vitamins.
 
3. Health care in Slovakia is provided /zabezpečená/ for people from birth to death /od narodenia do smrti/. In Slovakia we have these health facilities:
a) State  - štátna
b) Private – súkromné
Medical care can be given in:
a health centre – zdravotné centrum
a clinic - klinika
a hospital - nemocnica
a surgery –  súkromná ambulancia
an ambulance - sanitka
A pediatrician /pediater, detský lekár/ is a doctor who looks after the health of children. When a child is born, he is vaccinated against /zaočkovaný proti/ such diseases as tuberculosis, tetanus and so on. GP /= general practitioner = obvodný lekár/  is a doctor who looks after the health of adults. In case of emergency /v súrnom prípade/ we can call an ambulance – we call the number 155   – the ambulance takes the patient to a hospital. Serious cases /vážne prípady/ are immediately operated on in the operating theatre /operačná sála/. If we break a leg or an arm, we are X-rayed /roentgen/.
4.  If we feel ill, we go to see our doctor who is called a GP. We should make an appointment in advance /objednať sa vopred/ and we must take our insurance card /poisteneckú kartičku/ with us. Everybody in our country has the right /právo/ go choose a doctor. When we come to the doctor’s surgery, he asks us how we feel and what problems we have. He examines us /vyšetrí nás/ and  prescribes  medicine /predpíše lieky/. Sometimes we must see a specialist – for example a dentist /zubár/, a surgeon /chirurg/, a psychiatrist and so on.
Some people prefer alternative medicine /alternatívna medicína/ – it isn’t the traditional way of treating illnesses /nie je to tradičný spôsob liečenia chorôb/ - for example acupuncture when thin needles /tenké ihly/ are put ito different parts of the body.
 
BODY PARTS /časti tela/:
- head – hlava
- eye – oko
- mouth – ústa
- ear – ucho
- cheek – líce
- nose – nos
- neck – krk
- shoulders – plecia
- chest – hruď
- back – chrbát
- arm - rameno
- elbow - lakeť
- hand - ruka
- fingers - prsty
- bottom - zadok
- leg – noha /celá/
- knee - koleno
- foot – noha /chodidlo/
Oboduj prácu: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 (10-najlepšie)
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