Typ práce: Poznámky
Počet zobrazení: 1 154
CAN = BE ABLE TO
- can is more usual
- use „be able to“in the following situations:
I haven´t been able to sleep recently.
Tom might be able to come to the party .
I won´t be able to lend you my car tomorrow.
COULD= WAS / WERE ABLE TO = MANAGED TO
- use „could“ with the verbs: SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE, FEEL, REMEMBER, UNDERSTAND
I could smell burning when I went into the house.
My grandfather could speak five languages.
- use „was/were able to“ or „managed to“ for a particular situation
The fire spread through the building quickly but everybody was able to escape.
They didn´t want to come with us at first but we managed to persuade them.
MUST and CAN´T
- use „must“ when you feel sure that sth is true
You have been travelling all day. You must be tired.
Have you won the lottery? You must be joking.
- use „can´t „ when you feel sure that sth is not possible
You have just had lunch. You can´t be hungry already.
MAY, MIGHT, COULD
- we use these modals to say that sth is a possibility
- use „might“ for the situation that is not real
The phone is ringing. It could be Tom.
It might not be true.
She may know.
Don´t phone me at 8:30. I might be watching the football match.
MUST = HAVE TO
- „must“ is personal, we use it when we give our personal feelings
I haven´t phoned Ann for ages. I must phone her tonight.
- „have to“ is impersonal, we use it for facts, not for our personal feelings
- you can use „have got to“ insted of „have to“
You can´t turn right here. You have to turn left. /because of the traffic system/
I´ve got to work tomorrow.
You mustn´t smoke in this building. /it is forbidden/
SHOULD = OUGHT TO HAD BETTER
- we use „should“ to give advice or to give an opinion, for things in general
I think the government should do more to help homeless people.
You shouldn´t believe everything you read in the newspapers.
Jack ought not to go to bed so late.
- use „had better“ only for a particular situation, not for things in general
It´s cold today. You had better wear a coat when you go out.
The film starts at 8:30. You had better go now or you ´ll be late.
MIGHT + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
- use this structure for the activities in the past
She couldn´t have seen me.
Yesterday, I wanted to visit my friends. I rung the doorbell but nobody answered it. They must have gone out.
Tom walked straight into a wall. He can´t have seen it.
I can´t find my bag anywhere. I might have left it in the shop.
I wonder why Kay didn´t come. She may have been asleep.
Joe wen out yesterday. He thought it was going to rain so he took his umbrella with him, but it didn´t. He needn´t have taken the umbrella.
I am feeling sick. I shouldn´t have eaten so much chocolate.
Anglický jazyk - gramatika
|Ďalšie práce z rovnakej sady||Rozsah|
|Príslovka (Adverb)||856 slov|
|Multi-word verbs, phrasal verbs||398 slov|
|Irregular verbs||569 slov|
|Verbs + prepositions||257 slov|
|Sloveso (Verb)||1 966 slov|
|Číslovka (Numeral)||692 slov|
|Adjectives + prepositions||147 slov|
|Prídavné meno (Adjective)||916 slov|
|Zámeno (Pronoun)||2 692 slov|
|Člen (Article)||751 slov|
|Nouns + prepositions||48 slov|
|Podstatné meno (Noun)||979 slov|