Health and diseasesWe visit doctors when we feel sick or if we have any health problem. Medical care of any type in our country is free of
charge, although there are now many private doctors. Everybody has a right to choose a doctor. We can go to the health centre, policlinic, hospital or
to private doctor, many factories and offices have their own doctors.
First of all we enter the waiting room. Then the
nurse says „next please“ and invited us into the consulting room. She wants to see our insurance card. Doctors may ask you to strip to the waist
before they examine your chest and throat. They can also check our blood pressure, feel the pulse, put our blood through lab-tests or make urine
analysis. Doctors ussually prescribe some medicine for us – pills, antibiotics, eye drops, sleeping pills, ointments or they tell us to go on a
diet. Sometimes they may X-ray analysis our bones. We must go through many types of vaccination during our lives. Dentists may check our teeth and
sometimes pull out or drill and fill them. Each person should undergo a regular check-up at least once a year.
Now I’d like to
talk about first aid. When you see an accident you may phone the ambulance (in our country it is 155) or you may accord first aid. If you are
bleeding you must stop the bleeding, elevate the injury above the heart ad press with sterile compress. If you see a car accident, check if they are
breathing, stop the bleeding, if there is any, don’t move with the victims unless it’s absolutely necessary, keep them warm, loose any tight
clothes and of course call the doctor. If you have any smaller wound you may dress it yourself, but if it is any larger wound you may go to the
We can suffer from various illnesses begginning with common children diseases such as maesles, chickenpox, mumps, scarlet fever
or otitis. Usually we suffer from common infections such as colds, influenza, diarrhoea, indigestion or the "stomach flu". We usually stay
in bed, drink herbal teas, take pills, drops or vitamins and after a week or two we feel well again. However the situation may sometimes be more
serious and need special treatment in the hospital, e.g. heart attack, breaking an arm or leg. There are still diseases which can't be cured such as
cancer or AIDS.
It is true that prevention is better than a cure. We should try to live a healthy way of life, practice
sports, at least swim or go for walks, we should eat healthy food with lots of vitamins, we shouldn’t smoke or drink too much alcohol. I don’t
like pills. I eat a lot of vitamins and I haven’t been serious ill already about 4 years. I have to have plaster only once on my leg. All my injures
were at sports. A lot of sportsmen use special sport equipments against injures. I have it too.
When somebody want to be slimmer
he can try to go on a diet, but I don’t believe in them, because when someone eat something with more calories, then all the weight he lost
will be back again. It is better to eat more vegetables and fruits, cereal, and other low caloric and healthy food. And it is also better to eat last
meal before 7 PM. Finally, when somebody sit and do nothing, then all the calories are turned into fat, so it´s recommended be more active. I don’t
like any diet because I like eating. I prefer to go running to go on a diet.
Finally, I think many important things have been done
in medical science which have con-tributed to people’s health, so now the live longer than in past times. In many ways, people of all ages
and in every race have better health. We have achieved a very great progress in pre-venting disease and promoting health, but there’s still a great
effort to do in such many areas as nutrition, child and adult health. I think life expectancy rates have increased substantially and people live
longer basically due to progress in medical science and education in public health for everyone.
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