Towns and places – maturitná téma

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Autor: verca123
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 19.03.2020
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 201 slov
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Towns and places

Different places and people who live there

Places have always been important in people’s lives. Throughout our lives we get to know various places. However, the most important place in our life is our birthplace. We know this place pretty well as it is connected with lots of memories from our childhood, with our parents and siblings and with our friends.

This place reminds us of our first boyfriend or girlfriend and time at school. Some of us stay in our birth town forever. Those who have to leave their birthplace for any reason never forget about it and always come back at least for a short visit.

Later as adults we have to find a place to live on our own and very often it is far from our birthplace but does not mean it is less important. This place becomes our hometown, the place where we work, meet new friends, live with our families, the place that is our home. The reasons why we choose a place to be our home are various. Some people choose a place that is quiet, far from busy cities, living in privacy is important for them.

On the other side, there are lots of people who choose a town to be their home. They cannot imagine living far from ´civilization´. For them towns are ideal places as they offer more opportunities for finding a job, there are educational, cultural and sports facilities. Socializing is easier in towns, in fact, you are never alone in towns, and you are always surrounded by lots of people. 

Places for holiday

People like spending their holiday in different places. It depends on their hobbies, but also on the amount of money they have for their holiday. People can choose to spend their holiday in:

1. Hot or exotic countries - most people like going on holiday to hot or exotic countries because the weather is hot, they can swim in the sea and they can lie on the beach. E.g. people like going to Spain, Egypt, Croatia, Italy, Canary Islands and so on.

2. Sightseeing places - some people don’t want to sunbathe and lie on the beach, but they want to spend their holiday actively. They want to see new things and learn a lot about new countries, people and their customs and traditions. They prefer places like Vienna, London, New York, Paris – they visit museums, galleries, concerts and art exhibitions.

3. Mountains– some people like spending their holiday in the mountains – e.g. they go skiing to the Alps or High Tatras. In summer they go hiking.

4. At home– some people like staying at home. They don’t want to travel, they would rather read a book, watch TV or they just spend time with their family and friends. 

Towns and places in Slovakia

There are many interesting places in Slovakia. These are:
Mountains - The High Tatras, The Low Tatras
Old towns/villages - Vlkolínec, Čičmany, Vychylovka, Rajecká Lesná
Caves - The Dobšinská Ice Cave, Belianska Cave, Driny
Castles - Devín Castle, Bratislava Castle, Bojnice Castle, Beckov, Orava Castle
Spas - Piešťany, Bardejov, Rajecké Teplice
Bratislava - the capital city

Other Slovak towns and places:

Košice – there is a university, the historical St. Elizabeth’s Cathedral, Andrassy’s palace
Trenčín - Trenčín castle
Bojnice  – in Bojnice the famous ghost festival takes place every year. Many people from Slovakia and also foreign tourists visit Bojnice Castle every year to see this festival
Piešťany – tourists can visit spa baths to relax and become fit
Kremnica – a historical mining town for gold, production of golden coins.


London:Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, Whitehall, Downing Street 10, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral, The Tower of London, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, The National Gallery, The British Museum, Buckingham Palace, Piccadilly Circus, Oxford Street, St. James’s Park, Green Park, Regent’s Park, Hyde Park, Madame Tussaud´s, Greenwich,

Stratford-upon-Avon:the birthplace of William Shakespeare, Holy Trinity Church, Grammar School, Royal Shakespeare Theatre

Oxford: 34 colleges, the Bodleian Library, the Radcliffe Camera, the Christ Church

Cambridge: university town

Canterbury: seat of the Archbishop, Canterbury Cathedral

York(York Minister – cathedral), Warwick(Warwick castle), Winchester(Winchester cathedral, Winchester College), Brighton(Royal Pavilion), Devon (National Parks of Dart moor and Exmore), StonehengeSalisbury(Cathedral of Saint Mary), Bath(roman spa),Liverpool(Beatles), Hadrian’s WallEdinburgh(the capital of Scotland, Castle), Loch Ness, Loch Lomond


Yellowstone national park is the largest and best-known park in the USA. It is located in the Rocky Mountains on the territory of Wyoming, Idaho and Montana. It is visited by thousands of people every day. The nature is very diverse. There is everything from volcanic activity to a variety of forms of natural beauties. The geyser called Old Faithful is the biggest one in this park.

Grand Canyon. It is the largest canyon in the world, situated in Arizona. The creator is the Colorado River.

The Monument Valley is in Utah and the best known western films were shot here. There are many red stone spires, columns and chimneys on a plateau which is often called „Desert Gothic“.

Niagara Falls is the most famous waterfalls in the world. Niagara Falls lie about halfway on the Niagara River, which connects Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.

Los Angeles (City of Angeles) here we can find the famous film centre - Hollywood and some luxurious quarters - e.g. Beverly Hills. The Oscars, an annual American academy awards ceremony is held here. Chinese Theatre – Walk of Fame with bronze stars on the sidewalk, which are marked with names of the famous actors.

San Francisco is the victim of frequent earthquakes. It is also known for the Golden Gate Bridge spanning between the Pacific and San Francisco Bay. There is Alcatraz, super security prison for famous criminals like Al Capone.

Las Vegas in Nevada is known for gambling and night life. Every hotel has a casino and several playing rooms. The Death Valley isn’t far from here. Because of Nevada’s liberal marriage laws, 1 from 20 of the nation’s weddings is performed in Las Vegas.

New Orleans is the city where jazz was born. Thanks to its founders, New Orleans has old houses built in French style. The main attraction for its visitors is the city’s night life. Another great attraction is the Mississippi river.

Florida is mainly a tourist area with long beaches in Miami. There is the biggest amusement park in the world – Disneyworld.

Philadelphia is one of the oldest cities. It used to be the first US capital. And Declaration of Independence on 4th July 1776 was adopted there.

Chicago lies on the banks of Lake Michigan. Chicago has been nicknamed the „Windy City” because of the breezes that blow from the lake. We can find here one of the highest skyscrapers in the USA - Sears Tower.

Detroit is in the centre of the USA, known for car industry (Ford, Chevrolet, Chrysler and General Motors).

Dallas is in Texas. The president John F.Kennedy was assassinated there in 1963. Texas is known for its cowboys and extracting oil.

Boston is one of the oldest cities in the US. It is proud to call itself the birthplace of America, because it remembered for the Boston Tea Party which began the American Revolution in 1775. Boston has the charm of a European city.

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