Multicultural Society

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: lenka
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 24.05.2009
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 682 slov
Počet zobrazení: 59 658
Tlačení: 1 071
Uložení: 1 011
MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY: includes people from several different cultures, people of different colours, nationalities, languages, beliefs and customs live together in one community. This society embraces a number of minority cultures according to the theory of multiculturalism, where people live side by side with respect to all.

PROS: we learn about different ways of life, breaking down of barriers between ethnic groups, better understanding of another cultures, religions… Living in a multicultural society brings us new cuisines, clothes, language, art, music, literature, customs, beliefs…
CONS: cultural differences can lead to prejudice, discrimination, racism, some people think they are superior

MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: works against racism and racial disadvantage in schools, when we learn about different way of life – it helps to break down barriers between ethnic groups which are caused by ignorance. It prepares children for living in a multiracial society by giving them an understanding and acceptance of the cultures and histories of different ethnic groups.
MULTICULTURALISM IN SLOVAKIA: in our country we are not used to people of different races and cultures, because until 1989 we were not an open society. It is changing: many foreigners with their customs and very different cultural backgrounds are coming to our country and we are getting used to the idea that it is very normal that people are of different skin colour. It could be quite beneficial for us because we learn something about their customs and traditions and we can share our culture with them. We are getting closer to tolerance which is explained as the disposition to be patient and fair towards those whose opinions and practices differ from our own. Apart from Slovaks, the territory is inhabited by over half a million Hungarians in the south of Slovakia, along with smaller groups like the Ruthenians in the east. One minority without a territory are the Romany. At present the country faces the problem of Vietnamese guest workers and helps the refugees from Albania and Ukraine to continue their immigration process in newly built asylum houses.

A new phenomenon has appeared in Slovak traditions. More and more women get married to men of different religion and colour. There is still a certain amount of prejudice, but most young people are tolerant, without any prejudice.

AUSTRALIA: people from many different countries and continents, who brought their traditions, traditional meals and culture to their new homeland. They are respected by the majority society, they are proud of who they are and most of them love Australia. Big cities like Sydney or Melbourne have their China town; you can meet Indians, Pakistani or Lebanese, Thai, Japanese or people from Papua New Guinea. The customs and traditions are getting closer to each other sharing the best aspects of everything.
LONDON: In London the British from different parts of the country searching for jobs have settled down next door to Pakistanis or West Indians. Their children attend the same schools and grow up shoulder to shoulder.

NEW YORK: New York is as cosmopolitan as London but is not as mixed. Nationalities stay in their own areas, like the Russians in the Russian section, the Germans in the German section. Polish people settled down in a cosmopolitan district of Chicago. The area of a city where many Chinese people live and where you can find many Chinese shops and restaurants is called Chinatown. In cities such as San Francisco, New York and London the Chinatown street signs are in Chinese as well as English.

Ethnic minorities: may suffer racial disadvantage in a multi-ethnic society. Local authorities have adopted more antiracist laws. People have gone abroad to work for a time or to live somewhere permanently. America is a „melting pot“ of society and the most diverse nation in the world. However, people live their lives in homogenized communities composed of single races. Many people never learn or are taught the differences that divide and bring them together. They need to create an environment that promotes a geographically based multicultural education. The only way to help people tolerate each other is through education.
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