My favourite food, in a restaurant + Slovná zásoba

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Dievča ivanka88
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 25.07.2009
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 291 slov
Počet zobrazení: 18 263
Tlačení: 806
Uložení: 782
Praktické!

Everybody has to eat.
The first meal of the day is breakfest. Some says that the rich breakfest is the best way to start the day, but I usually haven’t got time for breakfeast and I drink only a tea. I like fruit tea with strawberries and cream. I don’t drink cofee because of its strange flavour. At the weekend my mother cooks me scrambled eggs or a I take yougurt, cakes.
 
Healthy food: milk – for bones, fruit, vegetables, poultry (chicken, hen, duck, goose, turkey), fish, rabbits, soja, cornflakes, dark bread, honey, nuts…
 
Unhealthy food: eggs, lamb, pork, beef, veal, mutton, chips, sweets, chocolates…
Alcoholic drinks – bad for the liver, but beer- good for digestion, red wine- good for blood…
 
At the restaurant
When you come you should find a free table and wait for the waiter. It’s impolite to crack fingers. You can be fined for doing it. The waiter brings you a menu and asks whether you want anything to drink. (mineral water, cola, fanta… wine, beer, champagne, aperitifs…). You can have a soup first (potato, tomato, pea, bean, carrot, parsley, celery, mushrooms, beef, tripe, chicken, hen, poultry, fish, goulash, strawberry…) Then you could have a main meal (meat with potatoes, chips, croquette, dumplings, pasta, rice…) As for desert you could have ice cream, pancakes, cake, fruit… Then you call the waiter and pay for a dinner.
 
Let's go and have a bite to eat. - Dáme si něco k jídlu.
I need a table for..... persons. - Potřebuji stůl pro... osob.
Can I take your order? - Máte vybráno?
Have you any specialities? - Máte nějakou specialitu?
What can you recommend me? - Co mi můžete doporučit?
I'll have............. - Dám si.......................
I'd like................. - Rád bych.....................
I'd like a bill. - Účet prosím.
Could we have............ - Mohli bychom si dát...........
What will you have? - Co si dáte?
It's on me. - Platím já.
Cheers! - Na zdraví!
 
In our country the day starts with a breakfast, which consists of something to drink (tea with milk or lemon, cocoa, warm milk, black coffee) and something to eat (one or two slices of bread and butter and cheese or eggs, salami, ham, jam, honey…). Instead of bread we can eat rolls, buns or something sweet (cakes, doughnuts, gingerbread). A lot of people eat for their breakfast cornflakes or muesli. Breakfast usually takes place between 6 and 7 o’clock. Around noon we have our lunch, which is warm and consist of soup, main meal, dessert and something to drink. Most people go to school or factory canteen, some of them prefer going to the restaurant of having fast lunch in a buffet or snackbar. An evening meal could be either warm or cold. Quick and cold supper may consist of some paté on bread or rolls, kippers or some spread, ham, cheese… Warm supper could be a soup, potato pancakes (bramborák), ham and eggs, sausages…
 
Fast food is a typical feature of both English and American lifestyles. At food stalls you can buy various types of food to eat as you walk along the streets or take it away and eat at home. The Americans call these restaurants “cheapies”.  These places – McDonald’s, Burger King, Wendy’s, KFC … usually offer beverages (Coca-Cola, Pepsi-Cola, tea, juice…), some solid food like roast chicken and chips, hamburgers, sandwiches, pizza, salads, deserts… You can put pickles, onions, ketchup or tomatoes on your hamburger too. The oldest type of fast food are sea food stalls or shops – usually fish and chips – the fish is cut to pieces, covered with batter (flour and water) and fried in oil. Another typical feature of British and American lifestyles is popcorn.
It is said that fast food is very unhealthy and probably it’s true. They fry it on a bad oil, the hygiene is also very bad and it is unhealthy to eat while you are walking. But it is very popular and most of children love it. In some countries it is also the cheapest food.
 
Eating out or in - Both of this has advantages and disadvantages. OUT - no dishes, no washing up, no cooking, professionally prepared food, for many people it is a small celebration, very expensive, you have to go somewhere, it could be unhealthy, you have to wait till they prepare it. × IN – cheaper, at home, more comfortable, dishes, you have cook it yourself
 
Typical Czech meals - tripe soup, potato soup, roast goose and sauerkraut and Czech dumplings, roast sirloin of beef in sour cream sauce and dumplings, roast pork sauerkraut and dumplings, Moravian Sparrows (roast fat pork offcuts), Spanish Birds (rolled beef steaks filled with salami, pickle, egg, mustard), potato pancakes, fruit dumplings with cream, potato or „hairy“ dumplings, fried cheese
 
cook vařit 
fry  smažit
boil  vařit ve vodě
roast  péct (maso)
bake péci
grill  grilovat
stew dusit
smoke  udit
scramble (egg) míchaný
pour nalít
cut krájet
peel loupat
mince na drobno nakrájet
open  otevřít
break (an egg) rozbít
beat šlehat
stir míchat
slice plátek, krajíc
take vzít, brát
put on a lid položit pokličku 
take off a lid vzít pokličku
squeeze a lemon  vymačkat citrón
spread a butter  rozetřít máslo
lay/set the table  prostřít stůl
clear the table  sklidit ze stolu
wash up  mýt nádobí
cuisine národní kuchyně
breakfast  snídaně
lunch  svačina
dinner  hlavní jídlo
supper  večeře
dessert zákusek, dezert
aperitif aperitiv
hors-d’oeuvre  předkrm
 
foods:
brawn nakládané maso
joint kýta
game  zvěřina; hra
poultry drůbež
sucking-pig  sele
chicken  kuře
hen slepice
duck kachna
turkey  krocan
goose husa
beef hovězí
pork vepřové
veal  telecí
mutton skopové
lamb jehněčí
rabbits  králík
wreaths of sausages  věnec uzenek
pudding  jelito, klobása; pudink
cutlet kotleta
schnitzel řízek
sirloin  svíčková
kidney  ledvina
kippers uzenáče
salmon  losos
mackerel  makrela
carp kapr
trout  pstruh
jackfish štika
cod  treska
plaice platýz
lobster humr
oyster ústřice
herring steď
bacon slanina
grease  tuk, sádlo
salami salám
ham  šunka 
sausage párek
beef tea  hovězí vývar
tripe  droby, dršťky
roll  houska, rohlík
goulash soup gulášová polévka
pastry pečivo
bread chleba
cereal obilovina
dumplings knedlíky
rice  rýže
pastes těstoviny
spaghetti  špagety
sponage biscuits  piškoty
doughnut  kobliha
gingerbread perník
yeast  kvasnice
youghurt jogurt
muesli  müsli
cornflakes kukuřičné lupínky
jam  marmeláda
marmelade  džem (jen pomerančový)
honey med
salad  salát
chip hranolek
sweets  cukroví, bombóny
cake koláč
baking-powder prášek do pečení
stewed fruit  kompot
cheese  tvaroh, sýr
ketchup  kečup
vinegar ocet
sauerkraut  kyselé zelí
egg vejce
pulses luštěniny
raisins  hrozinky
vanilla sugar  vanilkový cukr
icing sugar  cukr moučkový
castor sugar cukr práškový
granulated sugar  cukr krystal
cube sugar  kostkový cukr
flour mouka
semolina krupice
chocolate  čokoláda
ice-cream  zmrzlina
pancake  lívanec 
 
growths:
apple  jablko
apricot meruňka
bean fazole
bilberries  borůvky
black currant černý rybíz
broccoli  brokolice
cabbage  zelí
carrot mrkev
celery celer
coconut  kokosový ořech
cucumber  okurka
currant   rybíz
garlic  česnek
gooseberries angrešt
grapefruit grep
grape-wine  hroznové víno
hazel-nut  lískový ořech
cherry  višně, třešně
kohlrabi  kedluben
leek   pórek
lemon citrón
lentil  čočka
lettuce hlávkový salát
mushrooms  houby
onion cibule
orange  pomeranč
parsley petržel
pea  hrách
peach broskev
peanut  arašid, burák
pear hruška
pineapple ananas
plum  švestka
potatoes brambory
pulses luštěniny
soya sója
strawberry  jahoda
tengerine  mandarinka
tomato rajče
walnut  vlašský ořech
 
spices:
salt  sůl
pepper pepř
red pepper  paprika
sage šalvěj
rosemary rozmarýn
thyme tymián
marjoram  majoránka
curry  kari
ginger zázvor
mace  muškátový květ
cinnamon  skořice
mustard  hořčice
clove  hřebíček
cumin kmín
bay leaf  bobkový list
allspice nové koření
 
items:
knife  nůž
fork  vidlička
spoon lžíce; vařecha
pot hrnec
saucepan pánev, rendlík
cup/pot  hrnek
plate  talíř
 
At the restaurant
cafeteria restaurace se samoobsluhou
inn hostinec
café  kavárna
pub  hospoda
wine bar denní bar
ashtray popelník
can of beer pivo v konzervě
ginger beer zázvorové pivo
lager  ležák
mineral watter  minerálka
Oboduj prácu: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 (10-najlepšie, priemer: 5.4)


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