The young and their world

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Chlapec sp-prace (12)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 31.08.2013
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 510 slov
Počet zobrazení: 9 803
Tlačení: 422
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The young and their world
Adolescence is a stage of development between childhood and adulthood when physical and psychological development is almost complete but emotionally of these young people is not fully mature.

Young people can be devided into 2 classes:
o  The first group is formed by teenagers in the age of 15-20. These people aren’t children no more, but not yet adults, they live in their own world. They must fight with everyday problems in school, friendship, love,... Every young people has got own lifestyle. Someone is learning all days, someone is quiet and dont have any friends, some young people love discos, som love wearing jeans, some leather clothes... Their lifestyle depends on their parents, background, but mostly on their friends.
o   The second group is formed by adults in the age of 20-30 who they became more aware of social problems, they have to be more responsible, they earn their living, they get married, finish school, start a family, they have to find a place to live, pay rent and other expences.
A.Charakteristika mladých (zovňajšok, móda; vnútorná charakteristika: typickévlastnosti, záujmy )
 Young people are careful about their look, image. They like to dress nicely so they prefer to wear brand name clothing (Nike, Kenvelo, Adidas...) and they are always trying to look good and sexy, even if they´re just spending their free time with friends. Girls are very careful about their and hairstyle- they dye their hair and use a lot of cosmetics like for example make-up, gel, mousse, face creams, after-shave  and so on. They also like to have piercing and tattoos.
Teenagers are also interested in being fit and attractive – girls want to be slim and boys want to look fit and have strong muscles – that’s why boys often go to the fitness centre and girls are often on diets because they want to lose weight.

Teenagers are usually optimistic, cheerful, friendly, talkative, well-educated, experienced, self-confident and curious, however, some of them are nowadays rude, impolite, moody (especially teenagers), tricky, lazy, careless.
One of the biggest efforts of young adolescents is to be independent and respected. They have own dreams and plans for future and they often can’t stand to be told what to do. They know their goals and try to reach them.
The middle of their universe is friends and they spending with them almost all free-time, family is at side-line. The most interest hobbies of young people nowadays are sitting all days in front of their computers, playing computer games or going to the parties, discos. It is a well-known that only bit of them spends their free time reading books or playing sport games.
B. Postavenie mladých v spoločnosti(práva a povinnosti, možnosti štúdia, práca,mladé rodiny)
Young people, children have basic rights as all of the people in the world. They were given to them to protect them from sexually abusing, economically exploitating, neglecting and using them as a property of their parents, like guardians or even employees.  Young people have also some duties like house chores, studying; they have to obey their parents..... Education is compulsory from 6 to 16, and then you can choose what do you want to do, if you want to continue in your studies or find a job. Nowadays, many children know, how important are their studies for their future life and they often decide to finish their secondary education and then start the higher on universities and colleagues. Nowadays are plenty of possibilities where you can study on. We have a huge amount of different universities specialized in many sections, you only have to choose. Job opportunities are better than in the past, especially in big cities, there are many possibilities also for teenagers to take a part-time job and save some money. We have a lot of job centres or employment offices where you can find good job, you only have to want it. Many young people today start their own families later than their parents did. Many work on their career first and get married in their thirties. Young families share house chores and it is nowadays common that husband share chores or take a maternity leave if wife´s job is better paid
C. Vzťahy medzi rovesníkmi, generačné vzťahy (konflikty, príčiny, prejavy, dôsledky)
One of the most important influence on young people is influence of their friends. Friends are great value in the lives of young people. They are used to getting together, usually according to same or similar attitudes and views. They share their opinions, experiences and feelings between each other, they help each other. On the other hand, there are also human beings who were detached from the social group and they grow up as outsiders, which can have a great influence on their mental condition, social behaving and general view on human relationships. Many of young people, especially teenagers have some conflicts with their parents. Young people became more revolutionary and they often critize their parent´s conservative lifestyle. The complain that they don’t have enough freedom, that parents interfere too much into their business. They don’t like when their parents criticize their friends, clothes or hairstyle. They think parents are underestimate them, and they also complain that they don’t have enough pocket money, or that they are not allowed to come home later. On the other hand, parents and generally older generation think that they are rude, impolite, use rude, abusing language, they don’t study enough and have bad marks. Then they complain that youth generation don’t respect older generation and that they don’t think about their future, they are irresponsible and unreliable, lazy, they listen to a deafening music and wear awful clothes.

4.Nezdravé javy v živote mladých (násilie, drogy, gamblerstvo)
Young people often struggle to fit themselves into society. Unemployment is the fundamental problem faced by young people today. Unfortunately, in Slovakia many young people experience problems in obtaining jobs. This often causes financial worries and frustration and it may also lead to youth crime. Vandalism and violence based on racism are very frequent in this age group.

Addiction, such as alcoholism, drug use and gambling, is another consequence of frustration, family conflicts or another teenage problem. Parents usually don’t want their child to try things like smoking or drinking. But children are curious, they´re keen on trying new things, especially those that they are not allowed to. In this way, the most dangerous are discos or parties, where is huge amount of alcohol and even drugs, there are always some „more experienced“, which have the „material“ and they are trying to draw down those, who are only amateurs and they show interest. The child can become addict also because of family background, the parents which don’t really care about their child and they smoke or drink too.  It’s always on influence off family background, odd friendships and society generally. Sexual activities often lead to teenage pregnancy. Not only can it have negative effect on girls´ body, but it often ends her education. Teenagers are not also emotionally mature enough or financially able to bring up children. At this age there is also a greater probability of mental health disorders, such as depression or even schizophrenia. Girls sometimes develop eating disorders, including anorexia or bulimia.  The first symptoms of anorexia are: secret vomiting, obsess in with their weight, fanatical exercising and rapid weight loss. The sufferers of bulimia overeat and afterwards they vomit up everything in order to be satisfied that they ate something, but at the same time that they did not put on weight.

5. Predstavy mladých o živote (očakávania, túžby, obavy)
Young people have lot of opportunities. They are young and they can do everything what they want, because from some certain age they don’t have pledges. It is different in different countries. In Slovakia it is 18, in USA it is the age of 21. From this age they are responsible for themselves. They can work and study; they can travel, recognize foreign land and obtain new experiences. It’s a big advantage to be young. When we are young, we don’t really think about our future, we live our careless lives until it comes some situation, when the important decision have to be done. It always come situation, when we have to stop behave like children and start to think like adults. We have to start think about our future, firstly about our studies, then about our family and so on. Every young person would like to have a successful life, he want to do his studies, find a decent job, start a family and have enough money to pay every expense. Some of us are dreaming about lives full of fame and money, but lot of them then realized that it’s hardly possible. We just hope, that we would be happy, we know that it won’t be easy, but we will try hard to fetch through. 
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