Zóny pre každého študenta


- Look at the pictures, identify these places. What means of transport would you choose to travel to these countries? Which country would you choose to visit and why?

- Say why people consider some of these places modern wonders of the world and talk about the place you consider a wonder of Slovakia.

- Look at the pictures and describe them. Divide these means of transport into categories. Which two of them do you use most often? What are their advantages?

- Look at these different kinds of accommodation. Describe and compare them. Say about their advantages and disadvantages. Which one would you like to stay at during your holiday? Why? Why not?

- What do you consider the best means of transport? Why?
- Which means of transport do you use most often and why?
- What do you consider the most important in buying a car?
- What do you think of drivers in this country? How could car driving be made safer?
- What are some of the beneficial uses of modern transport?
- What travelling have you done as a youngster during your summer and winter holidays?
- How were your holiday trips with your family? How did you enjoy holidays you have had without your parents?
- Have you planned your holiday trips at home, or has a travel agency arranged for you? Which do you think is better?
- What trips have you taken with your school? How have these trips been educational for you?
- Do you prefer holidays with a lot of touring and sightseeing, or would you rather stay in one place and relax?
- What interesting or famous places have you seen abroad?
- If you had the opportunity to travel around the world, what countries would you definitely want to visit and why?
- Should one first get to know one’s own country before travelling abroad? Why?
- Do you have a driving licence? What do you have to do to get a driving licence?
- Do you prefer travelling by bus or by plane? What are the advantages and disadvantages?
- What preparations do you make before you go on holiday?
- Do you organise your holidays on your own or do you buy package holidays from travel agent?
- What are the reasons to travel?
- Choose three means of transport and talk about its advantages and disadvantages.
- What was the longest journey you have ever had? Describe it.
- What are some purposes for visiting a foreign country? What interesting or famous places have you seen abroad?
- Do you like flying? How many times have you flown? Describe what happens at the airport and on the plane.
- How does the travelling affect the lives of people? Talk about its positives and negatives.
- What advice would you give to people who travel abroad to come safe and sound.
- Describe what you imagine future modes of transport will be like.
- Is there any public transport in your town?  Do you use it?  What do you think of ticket prices? How would you rate the public transport in our country?
- What are some purposes for visiting a foreign country?
- Do you prefer holidays with a lot of touring and sightseeing or would you rather stay in one place and relax?
- Should we know a country before travelling?
- What may be the advantages of going on holiday abroad by car?
- If you had the opportunity to travel around the world, what countries would you definitely want to visit and why?

Role-plays and simulations
- You are planning a five-day trip to London. Which places would you like to visit in London? /Simulation/

2. Imagine you were a witness of a car accident in which one person was badly hurt. What would you do? Would you be able to give first aid? /Simulation/

- Your class is planning a five-day trip to London. Go to the travel agency and find out the following information: transport, accommodation, food, insurance. /Role-play/

- You have just come back from a holiday and you have decided to complain at a travel agent because you were very disappointed with the accommodation. Include some of the following: size of room, furniture, equipment, view, distance from beach, cleanness, noise, facilities, food. Compare your actual accommodation with what the travel brochure had said. /Role-play/
- Your classmate asks you to help him to choose the best possible holiday destination. He is single, active, sun-loving student who has a part-time job. /Role-play/

6. You are on a trip to Egypt and you found out that the transportation and accommodation is not satisfying. Explain the way you would solve the problem. /Simulation/

- Express your opinion on this idea: A package holiday is more comfortable than camping but camping is more romantic and adventurous. /Simulation/

- Your family is going on holiday to Croatia this summer. Your parents suggest travelling by air but you disagree. Convince them to go by car. /Role-play/
- You have got a fantastic last minute offer for a holiday for two in Croatia. You would like to go with your best friend but you know that he/she is very busy at the moment and short of money. Persuade your friend to go with you for the summer holiday. Use the points: the date, the kind of the holiday/accommodation, the activities, the transport, the price/the money. /Role-play/

- You are going to travel a long distance with two friends. One of you wants to go by bus, one of you wants to go by car, and the other wants to go by train. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each. /Role-play/

- prípravy na cestu, dôvody, cieľ a význam cestovanie /za prácou, na dovolenku, služobne/
- dopravné prostriedky /výhody a nevýhody jednotlivých dopraných prostriedkov/
- individuálne a kolektívne cestovanie /spôsob a druhy dopravy, druhy ubytovania, stravovanie/
- cestovanie kedysi a dnes, cestovanie v budúcnosti
- možnosti cestovania do zahraničia

Reasons for travelling
¨ for pleasure and fun, interesting way of spending holiday, travel on business, commuting to work or to school, hobby, learning to know new places, learning foreign languages, shopping, visiting family
¨ money, car /look at a battery, breaks, oil, engine; wash; add fuel/, insurance /luggage, car, health/, buy medicine, have yourself vaccinated, documents /visa, passport, driving licence/, make a reservation, buy tickets, book accommodation
Every day hundreds of people travel from one place to another. They travel to work, to school, or on business. Many people travel for pleasure and travelling has recently become one of the most popular hobbies.  Travelling is also an interesting way of spending holidays.  In every season of the year the airports, railway stations, seaports, and bus stops are full of people travelling for long or short distances.
When people travel a long distance they usually travel by air.  Travelling by air is exciting, fast, comfortable, relatively safe but rather expensive.  In the 20th century it has become one of the most important means of airplanes and frequency of flight have grown enormously. In such countries as the U.S.A., where the people have to travel long distances to get from one place to another, travelling by air has become quite common. It takes nearly six hours by plane to get from the western to the eastern coast of the U.S.A.
When  people choose  to travel  by plane  they usually  go or telephone to the airlines  or travel agency information about  flights  as  well  as  about  reservations  and  cost  of air tickets. It is also usual to confirm the flight at least a week before travelling. At the  airport the passengers  travelling with international or  intercontinental  airlines  have  to  show  their  flight tickets and  passports. An official weights their luggage as each passenger can take only 20 kg of luggage free of charge. The passengers must also go through the customs. For air traffic safety both people and luggage have to be checked and metal objects have to be detected. Then the passengers can go to the waiting room. When the aircraft is prepared for flight the announcer calls passengers to get ready and board the plane. In the plane the stewardess shows them their seats. Before the aircraft moves the notices flash up-"Fasten Your Safety Belts" and "No Smoking".  On the runaway  the aircrew  make the  last checks and  when they get  permission from the control tower  for the flight the  aircraft takes off. During the flight the stewardess offers the passengers some meals, refreshments, drinks, cigarettes and sweets.  The passengers can also read magazines supplied on board or just sleep. From time to time they can hear information about altitude, speed and approximate location of the plane.  Before landing there are again "No Smoking" and "Fasten Your Safety Belts" notices flashed on. Soon the airport lights can be seen as the plane descends and finally lands on the ground.  The passengers disembark and go to the hall where they wait for the luggage. After showing the passports and visas to immigration officer and going through the customs check they are free to enjoy the country where they have landed. Travelling by train is the most common form of travelling. In our country trains are used daily by many people to and from work or school. They are cheap, less polluting, safe but not very clean and comfortable. This refers especially to slow trains which stop at every station.  It can also be an advantage as the people have enough time to enjoy countryside. Fast trains and trough trains are more comfortable for long distances. They do not stop at every station. There are also a sleeping car and the dining car in fast trains which make the travelling by train more pleasant. Our railway system urgently needs reorganizing  and  modernizing  as it  is  one  of the  most  neglected  and  old-fashioned ones in all Europe.  In the past the train travel was a very popular way of travelling all over the world but in the last decades it has been replaced by other forms such as travelling by planes, coaches and cars.
Coaches are buses for long distance travelling.  They are fast, comfortable and the prices of tickets are quite reasonable.  In our country many people prefer coaches to trains. During holidays the travel agencies offer many coach trips to the mountains or seaside resorts. There are regular coach lines connecting the capital of our country with most of European cities including Paris and London. Travelling by coach to London, the passengers have an interesting experience of Channel crossing by a big ferry. Coach and car drivers drive their vehicles aboard the ferry and after landing they continue their journey to London. The shortest sea crossing by ferry from Calais to Dover takes one hour and a half.
Many  people  consider  car  the  most  comfortable  means of  travelling  means  of  travelling  and  seeing places. Others think it is just a necessity because it is quicker than public transport. But for many people motoring is a pleasure.  They enjoy driving a car at a high speed and do not think of the dangers of fast driving. It concerns especially the young drivers who contribute much to the accident rate which is very high in this country.  The people\'s opinions on cars differ quite a lot. They range from positive to negative ones: The cars are comfortable and quick. They are not safe and are rather expensive.
In spite of that, the number of cars on our roads and highways grows higher and higher every year.  The growing number of cars is a danger not only for people but also for environment of the country. Therefore there are very strict pollution regulations for cars.
Many  young  people  of  all  countries  of  the  world  like  travelling by bike. Some go to school by bike; others prefer cycling as a sport or a hobby. In recent years many young people go for holiday trips by bike which is both healthy and exciting. This type of travelling depends much on weather and therefore summer is the best season for cycling tours.
Useful vocabulary
¨ AIR -  airport,  check - in, fly, land,  landing, plane, take - off,
¨ LAND -  bicycle/bike/, bus,  bus station, car,  coach, coach station, lane, motorbike, motorway, rail, go by rail, railway, railway station, road,  main road, minor road,  taxi, traffic, train, tube, underground, street, phone box, traffic lights, road sign, street light, bus lane, double yellow line, hard shoulder, pavement, pedestrian/zebra crossing
¨ SEA -  boat,  crossing,  ferry,  port,  sail,  sea,  set sail, ship, voyage,
¨ VERBS - board(boat/plane),  go by  /boat,  train/, go  on  board,  hitch-hike, go hitch-hiking, set off,
¨ GENERAL -  destination, journey, passenger, route,  travel, travel agent, trip,
¨ HOLIDAYS -  camp, go camping, charter  flight, cruise, excursion, hostel, hotel, luggage,  motel, package  holiday, self-catering holiday, sightseeing, suitcase, tour, tourism, tourist,
-  to  travel  by:  on  land  /to  make  a  journey/ = by  coach/bus,  car, lorry, truck,  tram,  bike, motorbike, taxi, underground, scooter, jeep, moped, trolleybus, train /fast, express, passenger, good, slow/, double-decker, horse and carriage, skateboard
-  by  sea /to make a  voyage/=by ship, boat,  steamer, transatlantic liner, ferry, steamboat, sailing boat, yacht, tanker, submarine
-  by air  /a non-stop  flight/=by plane, airliner, jet-plane, rocket
¨ RAILWAY STATION - places /waiting room, booking  office,  ticket - office, left-luggage  office, refreshment  room, inquiry office,  train  indicator,  platform, stall, lavatories-ladies, gents, time-table/, sleeper, /non/ smoker,  luggage van, engine, compartment, corridor, seat, luggage rack, luggage ticket, mail van,  people  /guard, ticket - collector, engine  driver, porter, passenger/,  arrivals and departures board, carriage, track, platform
¨ AIRPORT – departure hall, check-in desk, ticket, passport, duty free shop, porter, luggage trolley, customs
¨ CITY – street, phone box, traffic light, road sign, street light, bus, bus lane, double yellow line, curb, pavement, pedestrian crossing, parking meter
¨ CAR – seat belt, steering wheel, fuel, indicator, bumper, number plate, headlight, fog light, side light, reversing light, brake light, boot, bonnet, windscreen, windscreen wiper, tyre, aerial, door handle, heater, rear-view mirror, speedometer, horn, ignition, gear stick, brake, accelerator, handbrake, clutch
to  catch / miss  the  train
to get on/off the train=to join /board/the train/,
catch/miss  -  boat/ship, bus, train,
  get into/get out of -  car, boat/ship, bus, taxi, train,
  get on/get off  -  bicycle, boat/ship,  motorbike, plane, train,
  ride  -  bicycle, motorbike,
  take  -  car, boat/ship, plane, taxi, train,
  drive -  car, bus, taxi, train,
A holiday that is organised and paid for in advance is called a package holiday.
Some common types of holiday:
- a seaside holiday /at a seaside resort/
- a walking holiday
- a camping holiday /at a camp site/
- a coach tour /going from place to place by coach/
- a cruise /going from place to place by ship/
- an  activity holiday  /doing  a special  activity  e.g.  painting, climbing, sailing/
- a self-catering holiday
- a sightseeing holiday
¨ ACCOMODATION – campsite, hotel, hostel, motel, botel, beach apartment, bed and breakfast, caravan park
beach -  sunbathing, swimming, waterskiing, diving, windsurfing,
mountains  and lakes  -  walking, climbing, skiing,  camping, sailing, canoeing, fishing,
towns and cities  -  sightseeing,  visiting churches, cathedrals,  mosques,  museums, 
art galleries, castles,
a journey - a  trip from one place to another, especially over a long distance
a trip  - a  journey  to  a  place  and back again,  a pleasure trip  done in one day
a tour  - a journey for pleasure, during which you visit  several different towns, areas
a picnic- a occasion when people  take  food and eat it outdoors, especially in the 
an excursion  - a short journey  arranged so that a  group of  people can visit  a  place,
especially  while  they  are on holiday
clothes - anorak, T-shirts,  swimming  costume, shorts, walking boots, trainers, sandals
equipment  - tent sleeping bag, skis, face mask, map, camera, film, binoculars, beach
first aid kit - insect repellent, aspirin, suntan cream,
luggage - suitcase, bag, rucksack /or backpack/,
documents - passport, traveller’s cheques, tickets,/international/driver\'s licence, insurance,

What time does the train for London leave?  You\'ll have to change at Leads. Does it stop at Tucson?  I\'ll take the 6 am train.  Our train is 10 minutes late.  Look up the train in the time-table.  The train leaves /arrives/ at 6.00. I\'ll see you off. Odprevadím vás. I\'ll meet you at the station.  Two singles /return/ to London. I want to cancel seat reservation. Is this seat taken?  Do you mind if I open the window?  The train for London leaves from platform 5.  Is this the train for London?  Has the train dining-car? I would like to book a seat on the express train to London on Saturday. All seats must be reserved on this train. Is there a connection to Bristol?
AIR TRAVEL - Where can I get a plane ticket?  How can I get to the airport? How much luggage can one take on the plane?  What is the charge for overweight? How many hours does our flight take? Shall we have lunch at the airport? The plane is about to land. When are we due /to land/? 
TRAVEL AGENCY - Which is the best way of getting to NY?  Which is the best route by rail?  Have I to wait at NY?  No, there\'s a connection immediately.  The Prague Express is still running. You may take a couch as far as NY. You can go down the Danube as far as NY. Is there a sleeping car on that train?  Hand luggage is examined at NY.  Let me check your passport. Here is my passport.
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