Shopping and Services + slovná zásoba

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: maturant
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 11.04.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 231 slov
Počet zobrazení: 33 376
Tlačení: 1 283
Uložení: 1 274
Praktické!
Shop is a place where things are sold and bought. We need to do the shopping every day. It is an important part of our lives. We need to go to the shops because we need fresh food, vegetable, fruit and other imporant things like soap or shampoo.
 
We have a lot of possibilities where we can do the shopping. In small towns or villages people can do the shopping in local conveniece shop. There they can buy food, vegetable, fruit, alcohol and magazines. In bigger towns are different types of shops. The baker´s where we buy bread, rolls and cakes; the butcher´s where we get pork, beef, fish and poultry; the greengrocer´s where we buy fruit and vegetables. If we need the furniture, books , clothes or shoes we can go to the furniture shop, bookshop, clothes shop or shoe shop. In large towns there are allways special types of shops called department stores. Department store is a large shop divided into several big sections like furniture, clothes.... Under one roof we can find everything what we want. We don´t need to visit another shops, everything we can find on one place. In large towns there are usually hypemarkets or supermarkets. They are allways situated on the edge of the town. People can buy there large amounts of goods using a shopping trolley and it is easier to put the things in their cars. People can also visit the big shopping malls. It is a town under one roof. There are streets, people can find there a bank or post office, lot of shops, restaurants, pubs. In shopping malls are often held the concerts of pop groups.
 
People who work in a shop are shop assistants, they served the customers, can give them advice, sell things. In department store there is allways a shop detective who watch customers to stop them from shoplifting.
 
Many competitions want to attract customers. They spend a lot of money on commercials or advertisements. We can find it everywhere, in newspapres and magazines, on TV. Big shopping centres try to influence customers with special offers and bargains.
 
For many people is shopping very popular free time activity. They can spend their all free time by shopping. They often make a shopping trips with their whole families. There are also people who hate shopping. They go to shops only sometimes for example when they need fresh food. For me is shopping boring too. I don´t like it because it takes a lot of time.

Questions

1. Do you like shopping? How often do you go shopping?
I don´t like shopping, for me is it too boring go to the shops. I don´t like it, because it takes a lot of time. I go shopping only sometimes when I need clothes or shoes. I hate it because it allways takes a lot of time. They allways don´t have what I want and I have to look for something else.
 
2. What are the advantages , disadvantages of small shops?
The big advantage is that in small shop are not many people. You can get there fresh bread or milk. The disadvantages are that there is a lack of things. You can´t get there everything what you need. In small shop are the shelves allways too close by themselves and there is only few of room.
 
3. What do you do if you need to buy a pair of jeans? Do you go alone or with your friends?
If I need a new pair of jeans at first I allways go to the shops and check what they can offer to me. Then I choose jeans and I try them if they fit. I sometimes go shopping with my mother or with my friends. They can help me by choosing clothes.
 
4. Do advertisements influence you? What do you like/dislike about advertising?
I think advertisements and commercials don´t influence me. I buy only that what I really want. I hate advertisements because they are everywhere, in newspapers, on TV. I hate when I watch TV and after few minutes there is allways a commercial breake.
 
5. Did you use to go shopping alone as a child?
Yes, I did. But not very often. Only when my mother forgot to buy something. She wrote a shopping list to me and I went to to shop.
 
6. What could be done to improve the relationship between shop assistants and customers?
I think that the shop assistants should allways be polite, ready to give us advice. Customers should be patient.
 
7. How would you describe a shopaholic? It is a serious problem?
The shopaholic is a person who spend all his free time by shopping. This person allways buy unnnecessary things. This person is influenced by commercials and advertisements. I think nowadays it is a very serious problems. Because lot of people spend their free time by shopping. They don´t make trips to nature, they don´t fill their lives with culture.
 
8. How often do you think teenagers where do you live spend time in malls? How much depends on where you live?
Teenagers nowadays spend a lot of time in malls. They do the shopping or go to the multicinema. They can spend all their free time in malls with friends. I think it is differnet in large towns where are lot of malls and department stores. Teenagers from villages or small towns don´t spend lot of time in malls because in small towns aren´t shopping malls.
 
9. What are the pros/cons of spending your free time at the mall?
The pros are that in mall you can find everythig what you want. You can do the shopping, you can go to the cinema. You can meet your friends there. You can eat in restaurants. The cons are that it takes a lot of time. You aren´t on fresh air. You must have a car to go there.

Shopping and Services
shop/store obchod
clothes/record obchod s oblečením/hudobniny
book/furniture  kníhkupectvo/nábytok
outlet goods výpredaj tovaru
articles  predmety
items položky/tovar
shopping centre  nákupné centrum
chain store  jednotkový obchod
department store  obchodný dom
supermarket/hypermarket supermarket/hypermarket
shopping mall nákupné stredisko
corner/variety shop obchod na rohu
drugstore  drogéria
convenience shop zmiešaný tovar
market  trh
street vendor  pouličný predavač
goods tovar
retail shop maloobchod/predaj v malom
wholesale veľkoobchod
sales  predaj
bargain výhodný nákup
in/out of stock  je/nie je na sklade
buy kúpiť
purchase kúpa/peňaženka
discount zľava
reduction  zníženie
buy in bulk hromadný nákup
refund  splatiť/vrátiť
receipt  potvrdenie/potvrdenka/blok
baker´s  pekárstvo
bank banka
barber´s  holičstvo
butcher´s  mäsiarstvo
café  kaviareň
card shop  obchod s pohľadnicami
chemist´s  lekáreň
dry cleaner´s čistiareň
fishmonger´s  obchodník s rybami
florist´s kvetinárstvo
furniture shop obchod s nábytkom
greengrocer´s  ovocie zelenina
hairdresser´s kaderníctvo
ironmonger´s  železiarstvo
jeweller´s  zlatníctvo/klenotníctvo
launderette práčovňa
newsagent´s novinový stánok
off-licence  výčapné právo
post office  pošta
record shop  hudobniny
shoe shop obuv
tobacconist´s  trafika
toy shop hračkárstvo
shop assistant predavač
shop-keeper  obchodník
shopper nakupujúci
consumer  konzument
customer zákazník
shop-lifter zlodej v obchode
racks regály
trolley vozík
basket košík
services služby
delivery  donáška
milk/paper round  donáška, rozvoz mlieka/novín
plumber  inštalatér
decorator  dekoratér, maliar izieb
electrician elektrikár
hairdresser  kaderník
barber holič
payment platba
check-out counter  pokladňa
in cash  inkasovať
credit card  kreditná karta
checque  šek
take goods on approval  zobrať tovar na skúšku
window shopping  výklad
hire purchase  kúpa na splátky
pay in weekly or monthly instalments platiť v týždenných alebo mesačných splátkach 
 
From book
auction predaj za najvyššiu cenu/aukcia
bump  vraziť do niekoho/niečoho
forgetful zábudlivý
lollipop lízanka
nearby  vedľa/blízko
rudeness drzosť/nevychovanosť
sale výpredaj
toiletries toaletné potreby
bargain zľava
boot  kufor auta
consideration  ohľaduplnosť
deal  (in sth) predávať
garment  oblečenie
merchandiser  obchodník
petticoat spodnička
refugee utečenec
solitary osamelý
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