The United States of America - Geography and Places of Interest
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The United States of America - Geography and Places of Interest
The United States of America is a federation of 50 states with a total area of about 9 and 1/2 million square kilometers. The country covers nearly the same area as au of Europe. It extends over more than one third of the North American continent and is the fourth largest country in the world after Russia, Canada and China.
The United States can be divided into six main regions: New England, the Middle Atlantic, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West. The country has many rivers, large lakes and numerous mountain ranges. If extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east, to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and to the Gulf of Mexico in the south. The terrain consists of high mountains in the west, low mountains in the east, and a large fertile plain in the middle. There are hot deserts in the southwest and cold tundra in Alaska.
The United States is one of the wealthiest countries in the world. It has a diverse, technologically advanced economy. However, agriculture still plays an important part iii the economy of many states.
The population of the United States is very diverse. Immigration throughout its history has created a society of many ethnic groups. People who are black, white, rich, poor, Jew, Christian, Muslim, Irish, Italian, Chinese, Hispanic, Russian, German, African - au can be found in the U.S.A. Bach group has brought its unique contribution to the great “melting pot“ of American society.
1. New England (Maine, New Harnpshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut)
- geographic information - hilly, rocky countryside
- major cities - Boston
- economy and industries - agriculture (potatoes), fishing, technology, finance
- climate - rainy in summer, heavy snow in winter
- people - liberal, value privacy
- places of interest - Cape Cad, Martha‘s Vineyard, and Nantucket are popular summer resorts in Massachusetts
Boston is a historical city. The American Revolution started here with the famous “Tea Party“ in 1773. The city has many skyscrapers and specializes in finance, fishing, manufacturing shoes and electrical equipment.
2. The Middle Atlantic (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland)
- geographic information - hills, rivers, valleys
- major cities - Baltimore, New York, Philadelphia, Washington DC
- economy and industries - government, finance, food processing, manufacturing, fashion,
- climate - humid, milder temperatures
- people - liberal!, fast-paced life, population center of the United States
- places of interest - Niagara Falls, Washington Monument, the Lincoln Memorial and the White House In Washington DC, the Statue of Liberty, Radio City Music Hall, St. Patrick‘s Cathedral, Central Park, and Greenwich Village are au in New York City.
Washington DC is the capital of the United States of Arnerica. It has two universities and is the home of the President of the nation.
New York City is the largest city in the United States. The oldest part of the city, Manhattan Island, was bought from the Native People in 1626. They built a small Dutch town and called it New Amsterdam. Many skyscrapers on Manhattan have from 60 to 80 floors. New York grew very quickly. It became a center of trade and manufacturing. In 1886 one of the most famous landmarks of NY appeared on the scene — the Statue of Liberty was erected in the NY harbor. New immigrants would wait to see this famous statue and know they had arrived in a land of freedom and liberty. The Empire State Building, built in 1931, has 102 floors and was, at one time, the tallest building in the world. Today New York covers an area of approximately 780 square kilometers. The population of the City of New York (the central area) is about one million. However, the population of Greater New York - the metropolitan area - is about 20,000,000. It is the largest city of the United States.
The city is divided into five boroughs (districts). They are: Manhattans, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx and Staten Island. About 43 per cent of the people are white; 25 per cent are black, and 24 per cent are Hispanic. There are many interesting streets (they run east to west) and avenues (running north to south). One of the most famous avenues is called Broadway with many famous theatres and concert halls. Philadelphia wan the first capital of the United States. The Declaration of Independence was signed here in 1776. It has many industries producing machinery and chemicals. The Philadelphia Museum of Arts has the largest collection of impressionist paintings in the world.
3. The South (Virginia, Florida, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana)
- geographic information - hilly, Appalachian Mountains
- major cities - Nashville, Atlanta, New Orleans
- economy and industries - agriculture (tobacco, cotton), tourism, fruit (oranges) in Florida
- climate - hot in summer, humid, mild winters
- people - conservative, traditional values, many large Christian churches, “snowbirds“ and retired people In Florida
- places of interest - Walt Disney World in Orlando, Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral in Florida.
4. The Midwest (Missouri, Ohio, Nebraska, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Kansas)
- geographic information - rolling hills, prairie lands, Great Lakes
- major cities - Chicago, Detroit, St Louis
- economy and industries - agriculture, heavy industry (large machinery), coal mining
- climate - humid, temperature extremes (cold in winter and hot in summer)
- people liberal in the cities, conservative in rural areas, very family oriented in the plains
- places of interest - Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Four famous faces stare out of the face of a granite cliff the faces are those of George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt - au former presidents of the US.
Chicago is the third largest city in America. It has many museums, galleries, theaters and concert halls
The Great lakes, which create a natural border with Canada, are a valuable shipping highway into the heart of the continent. Lake Superior is the largest body of fresh water in the world. The other lakes are Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario.
Niagara Falls, connecting Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, is one of the most spectacular sights in the world. The word Niagara comes from the Native Peoples and means “the thunder of water.“
5. The Southwest (Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Nevada and Arizona)
- geographic information - flat desert, plateaus, Grand Canyon
- major cities - Phoenix, Dallas, Houston, Los Vegas
- economy and industries - agriculture, cattle ranching, oil,
- climate - hot, dry, little ram,
- people - conservative, Hispanics, Native Americana, proud Texans
- places of interest - Las Vegas is the casino capital of America. Yellowstone National Park,
covering parts of Montana, Idaho and Wyoming, is the largest natural land reserve in the USA.
6. The West (Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Utah, California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii)
- geographic information - hilly, green forests in the Northwest, mountainous and flat pastures in Colorado, barren plains in Alaska, volcanic islands in Hawaii, scenic mountains and deserts and fertile valleys In California
- major cities - Denver, Seattle, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Las Vegas, Honolulu
- economy and industries - tourism, ranching, agriculture (fruits and vegetables in California, apples in Washington), defense, entertainment, technology (Silicon Valley)
- climate - mild, very rainy in the Northwest, dry with extreme temperatures In Colorado, dry and sunny in California, cold with snow In Alaska, and tropical paradise in Hawaii
- people - generally more private, liberal!, very independent in Alaska, cowboys in Montana, many Hispanics and Asians in California, many are more carefree and wealthy
- places of interest - Disneyland In Los Angeles Los Angeles is the second largest city in America. It is a large industrial (computers), commercial, and recreational entertainment centre It is home to Hollywood and the world-famous motion picture industry.
The National Parks of the United StatesThere are 25 National parks which are large areas set aside for wildlife and recreation. Many of these parks have restaurants, hotels, camp sites, well-marked trails and places of special interest. Yellowstone National Park is the largest and best known park In the US. There are many forms of natural beauty including the famous geyser called “Old Faithful“ which erupts about every 110 minutes. There many wild animals here as well, including bears and wild buffalo.
Yosemite National Park is located in California and is one of the loveliest parks in the USA. It has high cliffs, pine woods and waterfalls. It has largo sequoias trees.
Grand Canyon National Park was created by the Colorado River which has out a deep canyon in Rocky Mountains. The canyon is 1,800 meters deep and 320 kilometers long.
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