Ernest Hemingway - Famous American Writer

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Autor: sesik
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 21.06.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
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Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in Illinois July 21, 1899. He was a writer and during the 20th century he created a mythological hero in himself that captivated and confounded not only serious literary critics but also the whole world, he was a star for the people. Hemingway was the second son of Dr. Clarence and Grace Hall Hemingway's six children. He had four sisters and one brother. He was named after his father Ernest Hall and his uncle Miller Hall.

Illinois was a mainly Protestant suburb of Chicago. It is located only ten geographic miles from the city, but in reality it was much further away philosophically.  It was a conservative town that tried to isolate itself from Chicago. Hemingway grew up in the influence of the conservative values of strong religion, hard work, and physical fitness.

When he was a boy, his father taught him to hunt and fish near the Lake Michigan. He learned how to survive in the open nature. Nature was the touchstone of Hemingway's life and work. Though he often found himself living in major cities like Chicago, Toronto and Paris early in his career, once he became successful he chose some isolated places to live like Key West, or San Francisco or Cuba. All were convenient places for hunting and fishing.
When he wasn't hunting or fishing by himself or with his father, his mother taught him the points of music. Grace was a singer. Hemingway never had a knack for music and suffered through choir practices and cello lessons, however the musical knowledge he acquired helped him in relationship with his first wife Hadley. She played the piano.

Hemingway received basic education in the Oak Park public school system.  He was good in sports. He enjoyed working on the high school newspaper called The Trapeze, where he wrote his first articles, usually humorous ones where he imitated the popular satirist of the time, Ring Lardner. Hemingway graduated from the school in the spring of 1917 and he took a job as a cub reporter for the Kansas City Star; his Uncle Tyler who was a close friend of the chief of the paper found the job for him.

At the time of Hemingway's graduation from High School, the United States joined the Allies in the fight against Germany and Austria in April, 1917 (The First War). When Hemingway turned eighteen he tried to enlist in the army, but was deferred because of poor vision; he had a bad left eye. When he was informed that the Red Cross was taking volunteers as ambulance drivers he quickly signed up and he was accepted. He read the newspapers there and he tried to learn something new.

He started in France and then he was transferred to Italy. During his work as a ambulance driver he saw a lot of horrible injuries and a lot of affliction and it was later the most important inspiration for his war literature. He was also wounded in the war, but he recovered very well. After the war he started to write a books. The well-known books are The Old Man and the Sea, The Short stories, From Whom the Bell Tolls. Now I would like to speak about his the most known book and it is The Old Man and the Sea.

The main hero is an old fisherman called Santiago. He and his young friend have to live from fishing, but they are not able to catch any fish for a long time. After 84 days of failure Santiago decides to go more away from the shore in to the open sea. His friend prepares him bait and he started his voyage. When he finally catch a fish he recognise that he is too weak to extract the fish from the water. He tried to fatigue the fish. After two days and two nights the fish is finally tired. Santiago harpoons the fish and gets the fish to the side of the boat. However the sharks come here ad they eat up the fish. Santiago returns to the village only with the skeleton of the fish and out of the power.

I have chosen this book because Hemingway uses here his typical features. His heroes are usually loners and normal people.  He describes the reality of the life which is sometimes very difficult and brings disappointment.
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