Czech Republic

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: sesik
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 25.06.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 742 slov
Počet zobrazení: 4 182
Tlačení: 438
Uložení: 461
The Czech Republic is a small, landlocked country and it lies in central Europe. It has borders on Poland in the north, Germany in the west, Austria in the south and Slovakia – with which it was united in the State of Czechoslovakia until 31st December 1992 – in the east.

The Czech Republic covers an area of 78 864 square km. Maximal wide (from north to south) of Czech Republic is 278 km and long (from west to east) 493 km.

The country can be divided into two main regions: Bohemia – the western part, home of most of people and industry, and Moravia – the eastern part, more sparsely populated and agricultural, except around the city Ostrava. Although usually included in Moravia, area around Ostrava is actually part of Silesia.

Almost all the main mountain regions are found along the nation’s borders. These mountains are named (beginning in the south and moving clockwise) : the Šumava, The Krušné Mountains, the Jizerské Mountains, the Krkonoše with our highest mountain Sněžka 1602 m above sea level, the Orlické Mountains, the Jeseníky and the Beskydy. There are also some hilly regions within the country, such as the Czechmoravian highland and the sandstone of the Český ráj ( Bohemian Paradise ). We can find lowlands along the rivers. The biggest of them is Polabská lowland. There are good conditions for agriculture.

The Czech Republic has many rivers. Rivers belong to the North Sea, the Baltic Sea and Black Sea basins. Bohemia has the largest rivers, the Vltava (the longest one – 433 km in CR) and the Labe (390 km in CR, 1165 km in all countries) into which Vltava flows and which (as the Elbe) flows to the North Sea. In Moravia there are these rivers: the Morava in the east, along the border with Slovakia and the Dyje in the south near the Austian border. They both join the Danube ehich flows into the Black Sea. Northern Moravia has two small rivers, the Odra and the Opava which flow through Poland into the Baltic Sea.

There is also large and well known fishing area in southern Bohemia, around towns Třeboň and Jindřichův Hradec. In Czech Republic there is about 21 000 ponds, the largest of them is Rožmberk, it has 489 hectares. The largest natural lake is Black Lake (Černé jezero) in the Šumava, it has 18,4 hectares.
Despite industrialisation the Czech Republic is one of the most heavily forested countries in Europe. Around one-third of the total area of the country id forested, mostly by coniferous trees. Unfortunately these trees are sensitive to acid rain. This fact we can especially see in the devastated forests in northern Bohemia.

Climate, Weather

Czech weather is moderate but unpredictable. The climate in general is temperate, but the Czech Republic is there where various coastal and continental frontal systems fight it out for dominance of central Europe, so one is never sure what can expect. It is fairly wet country, except in the height of summer.

Czech Republic’s population is  above 10,3 million. The density is 131 people per 1 square km. Most of people live in Bohemia. The biggest city is the capital – Prague which has a population of 1,2 million people. Some other big cities in the Czech Republic are e.g. Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc, Plzeň, Hradec Králové etc.

Places of interest

Besides Prague which is in the centre of tourists’ attention – we can find there a lot of historical sights representing all the architectural styles – there are many other interesting places which are worth visiting in Czech Republic.
Kutná Hora is nice historical town with gothic St.Barbora’s Cathedral
Český Krumlov in southren Bohemia as well as Telč or Slavonice in southern Moravia are town where we can see fine examples of renaissance architecture.

There are also many castles in our country, for example Karlštejn – founded by king Charles IV in 14th century, Hluboká, Konopiště, Křivoklát and so on.
In the west of the country there are Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně – our well known spas.

The Krkonoše mountains are one of our national parks which are found throughout the country. Here you can go for a hike on marked path. The mountains are lovely in every season of the year.

sparsely – řídce
clockwise – ve směru hodinových ručiček
sandstone – pískovec
basin – povodí
unpredictable – nepředvídatelný
spa – lázně
highland – vysočina
pond – rybník
coniferous – jehličnatý
lowland – nížina
landlocked - vnitrozemský
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Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

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