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Family, Families in Slovakia

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Dievča diana (26)
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 18.10.2017
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 206 slov
Počet zobrazení: 1 936
Tlačení: 63
Uložení: 52
Praktické!

FAMILY

My family consists of 5 members. It is my mother, my father, my sister and my brother. We live in a house in …………. I also have a grandmother and a grandfather who live with us.

My father works as a (an)………… and he is …….. years old. My mother is …………….years old and she works as a (an) …………………. My brother goes to school. He is ………. years old. My sister is older than me. She is ……….. years old and she is single. She works as a (an) ……………….

My mother is ……… years old. Her name is ………. She is tall and slim. She has blue eyes and short curly hair. Her hair is dark. She is very nice and talkative. She likes other people and she is always willing to help everybody. Her hobbies are swimming and knitting. She also likes reading books and chatting with our neighbours. She is sometimes moody but everybody likes her. I love my mother because she can cook tasty meals and she always looks after us well.

GOOD FAMILY should provide protection, education, help and security to all its members. Our family supports us when we need it. They are with us in all the important moments of our lives.

PARENTS should teach children what is good and what is bad, how to solve problems in life, how to become an independent person and care about others. They should have friendly relationship with children, be willing to listen to them. Good parents shouldn't spoil their children.

RELATIONSHIPS • with parents are special: we love them, but we have to respect and obey them as they are responsible for our upbringing.

  • with siblings are closer. They are from the same generation, share similar hobbies and probably have much the same opinions
  • with grandparents are different: We don't live with them, so most of us see our grandparents once or twice a month, sometimes we spend only a few hours with them, we are loved and often spoilt by them.

PROBLEMS BETWEEN PARENTS AND CHILDREN

  • Teenagers want to spend time with their friends and they want to make their own decisions
  • Parents complain that the children don’t want to listen to them, that they are rude, impolite, lazy. They don’t respect adults.
  • Teenagers complain that their parents do not understand them and control them all the time.

FAMILY GATHERINGS: Slovak families are known for their hospitality. Family members, especially from our extended family, get together on special occasions - family celebrations, such as weddings, graduation ceremonies, birthdays, christenings, funerals, birthdays, Christmas, New Year's Eve... A lot of people love these occasions because we see our whole family and have a chance to talk to our cousins, aunts and uncles who we don't see very often.

HOUSEHOLD CHORES: Being a member of a family means duties, such as cleaning, doing the washing up, working in the garden and taking out the rubbish. Daughters usually help their mothers in the kitchen and boys usually help their fathers with household repairs. If the household chores aren't divided equally among the family members, relationships within that family may get worse and result in arguments.

Children may help at home in the following ways:

Girls: wash the dishes (wash up)

clean the windows

do the ironing

do the hovering

tidy up the house

water flowers

cook lunch (dinner)

make breakfast

take the rubbish out

Boys: help their father in the garage

work in the garden

mow the lawn / cut the grass

wash the car

change a lightbulb

repair (fix) things that are broken

FAMILY LEISURE TIME: Most families spend time together at the weekend or during holidays. They can: stay at home and watch TV

go out for a trip

do some sport

go to a cinema / a theatre / a restaurant

go for a visit (visit friends, family – grandmother, aunt…)

go for a walk

BROKEN FAMILIES

Many children grow up in families in which relationships are broken. This is sometimes called a broken home. Sometimes they live in single-parent family, with just their mum or dad (if a parent has died or their parents are divorced). A woman whose husband has died is called a widow. A man who loses his wife is called a widower. When they get married again, the new parents are called step-parents. Life may be very difficult for these children, both emotionally and financially. The divorce rate is rising, so more and more children live in families that cannot help them overcome the problems teenagers face every day. One day every child becomes an adult, falls in love, gets married and the long existing pattern of family is repeated in a new generation.

  • an only child is a child with no brothers or sisters (siblings)
  • an orphan is a child without parents

Nowadays, many couples are divorced. Their frequent reasons for a divorce are problems with trust, faith, money, living with parents or parents-in-law, alcohol, drugs, gambling (slot machines), unemployment, different interests...

FAMILIES IN SLOVAKIA (NOW AND THEN)

In a traditional Slovak family children used to live with their parents until they got married because it was difficult for young people to find a job and buy their own house or flat. Everybody in the family usually participated in the household duties – girls had to help their mothers, boys had to help their fathers.

- modern European families are monogamous. Most of young people get married in their late twenties or early thirties - in the past it was too late... There are no prejudices against women or men who don't get married before a certain age (in the past they were spinsters or bachelors)

- families as institutions and family relationships have been weakened: many people live together in the same house but are not a husband and wife - this is called cohabitation - older generations think this is not correct, in the past it was unacceptable among Catholics

- with the development of modern technologies (mobiles, the Internet) we can keep in touch with our family even if they live far away from us, but, on the other hand, children or parents spend a lot of time watching TV, playing computer games etc. and they don't have much time for communication, they don't spend time together as a family

- when young people decide to get married, they look for a place to set up their own home - in the past, they usually stayed in one of the parents' houses

- we can see more and more fathers pushing prams, playing with children, they share household chores (help their wives), there are some men who decide to stay at home with their babies on maternity leave instead of their wives who often have better paid jobs, women are equal in their social status

- women are becoming mothers later than they used to (because of studies, careers), fewer women now are getting married because they are expecting babies - it is more common to have children outside marriage than it was in the past

- sometimes grandparents live near or in the same house with the family and look after young children while their parents are at work.

- nowadays, there are more and more broken families, more divorces

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