The USA

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Autor: janka
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 21.09.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 587 slov
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The USA are the fourth largest country of the world after Russia, Canada and China. They occupy an area of 9 million square kilometers and have about 270 million inhabitants. The capital of the USA is Washington, the seat of the president, government and parliament and the political, cultural and economic center of the country.

United States of America are a varied landscape. There are The Appalachian Highlands, Rocky Montains, Sierra Nevadas and Cordilleras. The highest peak of the USA, however, is in Alaska – is Mt. McKinley. Of course there are several important rivers. For example the Mississippi with the Missouri. The Mississippi is the third longest river in the world. In the west we can mention the Colorado, the Columbia and the Rio Grande on the Mexican borders. The biggest river in Alaska is the Yukon. In the States there are very interesting places, for example the Great Lakes, which make up the biggest reservoir of fresh water in the world, another significant area is the Death Valley, the Grand Canyon and the Niagara Falls. The climate in the vast areas of the USA can’t be same everywhere. The most agreeable climate is on the Hawaiian Islands.

The history of the United states of America is referred to as the period of more than 500 years that have passed since Christopher Columbus reached the coast of the Bahama Islands. But before him, other people had come to the American continent. The Native Americans were named Indians. From October 12th in 1492 to July 4th in 1776, North America served exclusively as a colonial land to many European countries. The explorers couldn‘t find gold as they had expected, also they brought home new plants such as corn, beans, potatoes, and tobacco. Soon they decided to establish settlements in this New World. The first American colonies were Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Daleware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Islands, Massachusetts and New Hampshire.

On July 4th in 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed and after the War for Independence, the United States of America were accepted as the independence state. The first president of this new state became George Washington. After several years the USA joined another states: Florida, Texas, Louisanna, California, Oregon and Alaska. In the years 1861-1865 broke up the Civil War and the USA were divided into the Union (North) and the Confederate States of America (South). In this time the president was republican Abraham Lincoln. The Civil War ended in the battle of Appomattox, where general Lee was defeated by Union general Grant. In the period 1865-1877 the reconstruction of the South was carried out. It included industrialization and improvements in the transportation system.

The first strong president after many years was Theodore Roosevelt. He wanted to make a cooperation between big business and government. In the times of World War I. was the president Woodrow Wilson. After World War II., the Cold War against the Soviet Union began because of the domination of Eastern Europe. The last election to the president’s office won republican George Bush.

The United States of America consist of 50 states, which are symbolized on the american flag as 50 yellow stars in the blue yield. Thirteen red and white stripes symbolize the first thirteen American colonies. The currency in this state is US dollar and the official language is English but several people in some areas speak Spanish too. The United States of America always mean a country of unlimited opportunities.
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