United Kingdom of GB and Northern Ireland (Anglický jazyk)

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Autor: babuska (24)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 05.03.2020
Jazyk: Angličtina
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United Kingdom of GB and Northern Ireland (Anglický jazyk) 

Téma: United Kingdom of GB and Northern Ireland

Predmet: Angličtina

Location

The capital city: London

official language: English

currency: pound sterling

Great Britain is an island in the northwest part of Europe. It is the biggest island on the continent, located just off the shore of France, west of the Netherlands, and north of Spain.

With an area of 209,331 km2 . it is the largest European island and the ninth-largest in the world.

The Great Britain Is a parliamentary monarchy composed of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

The highest mountain of the uk: Ben nevis 1343 metres high

mountains: Highlands of scotland, penines

rivers: The severn (longest), themes, the avon.

lakes: Loch ness, Loch lomond

climate: modest, rainy weather, hot summers, mild winters

Political system: the UK is constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy

the head of state is the queen

the head of goverment is the prime minister (theresa may)

the prime minister is elected by the parliament, which consist of the house of lords and house of common

Royal family

queen elizabeth

the queen lives in buckingham palace in London

her husband: Prince Phillip – they have got four children and sven grandchildren

the queens oldest son is prince charles

Places of interest:

STONEHENGE

– it is a circle of prehistoric stones, probably used for magical purposes

-situated in wiltshire

STRATFORD UPON AVON

-the town is a popular tourist destination

-birthplace of english playwright and poet William Shakespeare

OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE

-old and traditional university cities

LONDON EYE

-the tallest wheel in Europe

BIG BEN

– nickname for the great bell of the clock of the palace of westminster

SPORT

-cricket, tennis,rugby, golf, horse riding

British cuisine

-typical breakfast: beans, eggs, tomatos, mushrooms, bacon, sausages, cornflakes

typical meals: fish, chips, pizza

Culrure:

britain has a lot of cultural events and places

such as national gallery, british museum

two main opera houses: ROYAL OPERA hOUSE, COLISEUM THEATRE

FAMOUS PEOPLE:

William Shakespeare

Isaac Newton

Charles Dickens

fictional. mr bean, sharlock holmes, james bond

now: adele, robbie williams

Symbols of UK

black tea with mil, horse riding, telephone, bus.

symbols:

england- rose

wales-narcissus

scotland-thistle

ireland-Cloverleaf

Population

In the uk live about 60 million inhabitants.

British Government

  • Prime Minister Theresa May MP
  • Secretary of State Alun Cairns MP

Legislature

National Assembly

UK Parliament

British flag:

Wales:

The capital city: Cardiff

The tallest mountain :Snowdon (1 085 m n. m.)

The Queen: Alžběta II.

State system: constitutional monarchy

Flag: Wales flag consists of a red sleigh prince Calwaladera and Tudor colors – white and green

Scotland:

The capital city: Edinburgh

The tallest mountain: Ben Nevis (1344 m n. m.)

The Queen: Alžběta II.

State system: constitutional monarchy

In the Scotland is five international airports in the cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen

Universities: University of Edinburgh, University of St. Andrews, University of Glasgow a University of Aberdeen.

activities: music- scottish dancing, literature and sport:

football, rugby, golf, horse racing, motor racing, tennis, athletics

famous people:Walter Scott,Robert Burns, Irvine Welsh

Among the many lakes are the largest of Scotland Loch Lomond, which is also a nature reserve, Loch Ness, in the depths of the world-famous monster supposedly lives (Loch Ness Monster), whose existence has until now failed to prove, and Loch Awe. See also Category: Lakes in Scotland

Flag Scotland: The Flag of Scotland also known as St Andrew’s Cross or the Saltire, is the national flag of Scotland.

England is divided into nine governmental regions

South West

South East

London

East of England

Yorkshire and the Humber

West Midlands

East Midlands

North West

North East

See also Counties of England

Wales:

Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.

Northern Ireland

capital and largest city: Belfast

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