Culture and art essay
Typ práce: Maturita
Počet zobrazení: 108
14. CULTURE AND ART
Kultúra a umenie
Art is a creation of something that is “aesthetically pleasing”, something that people like and admire. Unfortunately, not everybody was born with the ability to create art or to perform it. For someone, art is a hobby, for others, a profession. Those, who are talented can become famous and rich artists but they must be hard working.
There are two main kinds of arts:
• major arts ("fine arts"): music, literature, painting, sculpture, architecture, dancing, theatre
• minor arts ("applied arts"): ceramics, furniture, photography
Art is always different. Many of the objects we identify as art today, for example Greek painted pottery were made for functional reasons.
CULTURE AND ART IN THE COUTRYSIDE VS. IN THE CITY
If you live in a small town or village, you don’t have many choices to experience cultural events. Sometimes there is a party, concert or ball which are organized in special occasions several times a year. When people live in a village and they want to see a good movie or dramatic performance, they have to go to the nearest town which can be expensive and time wasting. The only choice for them is television, videos and possibly DVDs which are a bit cheaper and more convenient.
Cultural events in the countryside are not that frequent. If you live in a bigger town, you can visit galleries full of interesting monuments, museums, concerts or exhibitions. People who live in villages all their lives prefer gardening, visiting friends or watching TV. Many inhabitants of bigger cities are moving to villages, trying to get away from the busy city life. Those who move not too far from the city can still enjoy the cultural life that the city offers.
WHICH KINDS OF ART DO WE KNOW?
The most interesting kinds of art for many people are music, literature, painting, drama and photography. However, art could be anything today. We cannot imagine our everyday life without reading or listening to our favourite music. We look forward to seeing new theatre productions. We also spend our free time in galleries and museums admiring beautiful historical works of art. For some people, life without art would not be just boring but also empty.
LITERATURE is a kind of art which includes novels, short stories, biographies, drama and poetry. Writers have a gift to put their ideas to a paper form and create a story. When a book is well-written, it is a joy to read and hard to close. The first story we know about is Epic of Gilgamesh written long time ago. That is the proof that literature is a really old kind of art.
ART IN THE THEATRE
People usually don’t like opera or musicals, but drama is very popular. Dramatic art has very long tradition in Greece and Italy. But later it began to be famous in countries like England and France. The most famous drama writers from these countries were William Shakespeare and Moliere. We know because of their everlasting writings.
Some people want to go back to 1969, the reason is Woodstock music festival. Woodstock was a hippies’ festival with world popular musicians like Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Santana or The Who. Invited were also The Doors, Led Zeppelin, Beatles or Bob Dylan. Tickets were free and the atmosphere was impossible. Of course the festival was full of drugs but it was characteristic feature of that age. The event was captured in the 1970 documentary movie Woodstock.
A MUSIC FESTIVAL is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes performed with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. They are usually organized outdoors, and are often inclusive of other attractions such as food, drinks, sports, performance art, and social activities. We also know festivals oriented towards films or theatres. A FILM FESTIVAL is the presentation of films in one or more movie theatres. Sometimes there is a focus on a specific genre or subject (alternative movies). Film festivals are typically annual events. There is organised a film festival in Cannes. Festival de Cannes reflects the dual nature of the cinema art and industry.
Some Slovaks go to FILM FESTIVAL called Cinematik in Piešťany every year, where people can see more than 100 perfect films. They think that Cinematik is the best film festival in Slovakia. Favourite directors like Spielberg, Tarantino or Frank Darabont. The first two names are well-known, but Frank Darabont made the most famous films in world ratings. He directed films by Stephen King like The Shawshank Redemption or The Green Mile.
In Slovakia, many amazing music festivals are organised, for example Pohoda. It is full of art and workshops. Not only the music, but also movies, theatre, literature and debates appear. Organization teams prepare a variety of other attractions which will make two days at a festival more pleasant.
SCULPTING is artwork created by combining materials – typically stone, marble, glass, wood, plastics, textiles. Well-known sculptors are Donatello or Michelangelo. Both were Italian renaissance sculptors.
DANCE is another part of art which has various forms such as folk, classical, ballet, modern dance, rock and roll, street dance, hip-hop, break dance, pop in…
Dance is a very interesting kind of art because we can express out thoughts and feelings in moves without speaking.
When we say STREET-ART people usually imagine paintings and writings on the walls and youth dancing breakdance. This part of culture is soldered with drugs and criminality. Usually it’s not true however, street art consists of street entertainment too. We can see there for example clowns, henna tattoo painters, singers and painters, who make your own portrait or caricature. It is very popular in big cities full of tourists like London, New York or Paris.
What do you see when you look at art? Just another pretty picture? Or pretty statue, photography or drawing? It’s not always easy to tell what an artist is trying to say, and why. But we know that culture and art give us the possibility to express our thoughts and impressions by beautiful form. Life would be boring and empty without it.
LIFE OF THE RICH ARTIST
The greatest advantage of being famous is that celebrities are usually very rich so they have an easier life than other people. They live in beautiful houses maintained by housekeepers, gardeners, cooks and other servants. They do not have to worry about paying bills, they can afford the best clothes and drive the latest models of fast cars. What is more, they spend their holidays in expensive resorts, get the best hotel rooms and the most efficient service.
Secondly, when you are famous, your name is known by everyone. Then, you are invited to the best parties and meet other celebrities. Your fans send you letters to tell you how much they admire you.
However, being recognized by everyone in the street can be annoying. Famous people have no privacy, paparazzi try to photograph them all the time, people stop them in the street, asking for selfies or autographs. Fame also carries worry about your own safety and the safety of your family. There is always a danger that a crazy fan could try to kidnap or kill you or your children, so it is necessary to employ bodyguards. You have money but you do not feel safe, you have friends and fans but you can never be sure if they like you for who you are or for your money.
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