Human and society

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: macxo
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 31.12.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 651 slov
Počet zobrazení: 10 849
Tlačení: 533
Uložení: 585
Praktické!
English is full of customs and traditions, which are famous all over the world. When people think of England, they often think of people drinking tea, eating fish and chips and wearing bowl hats. But there are more than just those things. They have their traditions of sport, music, food and many royal occasions.
 
The British are said to be reserved in manners, dress and speech. They are polite, self-disciplined, and tolerant and have great sense of humour.
 
But manners are very important. They have some dos and don’ts:
 
1. Do´s – you have to: (príkazy)
-  Stand in line when you are getting on the bus,
-  Say „Excuse me“ when you don’t understand what the person is telling you,
-  Pay for drinks as you order them,
-  Say „Please“ and „Thank you“,
-  Cover your mouth when you are yawning or coughing,
-  Shake hands when you are introduced to someone,
-  Smile because smiling face is a welcoming face,
 
2. Don’ts – you can’t  (zákazy)
-  Greet people with a kiss when you are not friends,
-  Talk loudly in public,
-  Stare at anyone in public,
-  Pick your nose in public,
-  Do gestures such as backslapping and hugging,
-  Speak with your mouth full of food,
-  Ask personal or intimate questions
 
British people are very punctual. They make great effort to come on time. It is very impolite to arrive even a few minutes late. If you are not able to keep the time you are expected to call the person you are meeting.
“Drop in any time“ and „Come see me soon“ are idioms often used. They see each other very often. It is normal when you are invited for meal or at a party, which can take place because of birthday or any other important event. It is considered polite to give a gift.
 
The evening meal is the main meal of the day. It is always cooked and may be served in one of several ways: family style, buffet style and serving style. Food is eaten with a knife and fork and dessert with a spoon and fork.
 
As far as Slovak customs and traditions are concerned these are similar with small differences. Their fight for freedom and identity affects the Slovak character. They are very proud of their historical treasure and traditions. They always welcome foreign visitors with bread and salt as the sign off God’s gifts. They are very hospitable, hard working, honest and of course flexible.
 
As the British the Slovaks have their own manners, too. Shaking hands, covering the mouth when yawning and coughing, saying, „Please“ and „Thank you“ are all the basis of good manners. But very bad habit is not standing in line when they are waiting for bus. People push each other to be the first inside and have the place for seating. On the other hand because of their hospitality they often pay for their friends´ drinks in pubs or bars. But they don’t kiss friends when they want to greet them.
 
And what about eating habits? The main meal is lunch, which consists of three courses: soup, some meat with potatoes, rice or potatoes salad, and cake, pudding or some fruit. Many people don’t eat in the evening. That’s all right when they don’t want to have bad dreams and eating late evening is not very healthy. But also many people don’t eat even in the morning. They are very busy because many of them start working at six or seven o’clock. And they don’t invite people for dinner.
 
The evening is the time when families want to be together, go out for a walk or just watch TV. The Slovaks belong to nations who live in the balance with nature where folk customs give them the sense of life.
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