Travelling, in a hotel + Slovná zásoba

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Dievča ivanka88
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 25.07.2009
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 664 slov
Počet zobrazení: 20 024
Tlačení: 723
Uložení: 717
Praktické!

Travelling is a part of life of each of us. If you don’t live in a town you work or go to school you have to commute. Travelling could be also a hobby. Lots of young people like to travel through Europe or America or if they are rich round the world. They found new places, new culture, meet new people. A lot of people travel for their holiday for example to the see or to the mountains. Some people travel abroad to learn new language or to earn some extra money for examle AU-PAIR. It is a job for some people, for instance travel agents, managers professional sportsmen, singers etc. Some people travel far away from their home because of starting new life in a place where they can be free where nobody knows them and where they can be on their own.
Disadvantages: smugling, dangerous – we can met bad people, we can get lost, be murdered, money can be stolen, in dangerous places it’s better to take a guide, travelling spoils the nature - environmentaly unfriendly, time consuming, diseases – insurance, find some informations about a place, take some vaccinations, boil water
 
Means of transport
by bus - quite fast, cheap, crowded, dirty, careless drivers, dangerous in some places, uncomfortable – lack of place, usually no toilet in a bus, no privacy, can get everywhere
by train - fast, cheap, more comfortable - more space, more privacy, sleeping and dining cars, toilettes, can’t get everywhere, for long distances, less dangerous than a bus
by plain - for a long way, comfortable, expensive, food including, less dangerous, very fast, if you go with a travel agency you have to be at the airport two hours before
by bike - cheap, healthy, good for environment, you can get everywhere, stop where you want, slow, very dangerous, problems with luggage
on foot - the cheapest kinds of travelling, healthy, keeps you fit, improves your condition, slow, for short distances, dangerous when you are alone
on boat - slow, only at the places where is the water, could be cheap of expensive, noisy, not so dangerous
hitchhiking – very cheap, could be fast or slow, dangerous
double decker – in London
romantic: going on yacht, canoeing, gliding, hot-air ballooning, windsurfing
for young: roller-skating, skateboarding
commuting: tram, underground, taxi
 
Going abroad, travel agency – You have got two possibilities - you can go with travel agency or you can go alone - arrange your own holiday.
With travel agency - package holiday – everything is done for you, you need only money, because the travel agency cares about everything - accommodation, booking, ticket for plain or other kinds of transport. But it could be sometimes very dangerous, because if the travel agency bankrupts, you can stay in the foreign country without help. In this case you have to find out our embassy and ask for help. Or it could happen, that you pay for comfort holiday and you get terrible accommodation without bath, air condition…
But it has got a lot of advantages - you have got special program, you can do a lot of trips with a tour guide a get more information about the town, sights, habits...
Own holiday - you have to care about everything only alone, you have to book the place for accommodation, full or half board, tickets or travel with own car, you have to have own insurance, map. But you can do everything what you want, you aren’t depend on other people.
Necessary documents and things: valid passport, visa, we must change the money, insurance for traveling and for whole stay, phone number for embassy
 
Railway station: main hall (hlavní hala); ticket office (single, return, season ticket) (výdej jízdenek, pokladna); inquires office (informace); booking off (seat reservations) (rezervace); waiting room (čekárna); left luggage off (úschovna zavazadel); luggage locker (skříňka na zavazadla); restaurant; book stall; phone box; men’s; ladie’s; rest room (odpočívárna); time table (jízdní řád); arrivals and departues board (delay) (příjezd a odjezd (zpoždění)); entrance (vstup); exit-platform (nástupiště); passenger train (osobák); goods train (náklaďák); fast (rychlík); stopping; expres (rychlík); get on (nastoupit); get off (vystoupit); coach (vagón); compartment (kupé); window corner, vacant (prázdné) seat; rack (polička); dining car; sleeper; non-smoker; ticket collector = conductor (průvodčí), corridor (chodba); road transport (silniční doprava); passenger transport (osobní doprava); public transport (hromadná doprava); goods transport (nákladní); airship (vzducholoď); station lobby (nádražní hala); change at (přesedat v); delay (zpoždění); direct (přímo); check (odbavit)
 
Phrases: How often do train run from … to? Can you tell me the last (early morning) train to…? What’s the fare to…? How much is a single to…? Would you mind if I pull down (up) he window? I turn on (off) the heat, you kept the seat for me, you kept an eye on my bag for a minute; Excuse me, is there a seat left? Is this seat taken? Where are we now? Do you happen to know how many stops for…?
 
Airport: Air company (letecká společnost); air terminal (terminál); check in (odbavení); the exit gate (východ); to weigh one’s luggage (zvážit něčí zavazadla); pilot; hosteless; fasten the seat belts (zapnout si pásy); be requested to stop smoking; hijack a plane (unést letadlo); take off (vzlétnout)
 
Hotel
Hotel is a very useful thing. Many people have to travel from home for a long time and they have to stay over night. A lot of people travel for business trips, some people travel to visit friends, it could be used when people have argument at home, if you are on holiday. Permanent staying at the hotel is very expensive. Newlyweds usually stay at a hotel for their honeymoon. It’s a great business today in the world of travelling and business. There are big companies, which have a lot of hotels all over the world.
 
Kinds of accommodation
hotel - 2 stars, 3 stars, 4 stars, 5 stars hotel – the rule – more stars = better hotel
bed and breakfast – usually for one night, less comfortable, breakfast is included, usually not bad furnished but nothing extra
motel - less comfortable, own breakfast, close to motorways, sometimes you can park next to your room, usually equipped with a wardrobe and a telephone
INN - very old type of hotel, cheaper, old fashioned, it has long tradition
hostel – the cheapest type of acc. in GB, not very well furnished, for not very rich people, not comfortable, a lot of beds together, up-bunker beds, no privacy, you have to do your own bedding, you have to clean when you are leaving...
pension – cheaper, could be well or bad furnished, less comfortable, not very big
apartment – usually part of big hotel, more bedrooms together, one kitchen and toilet together
bungalow – cheaper, own kitchen, toilette, for more people together
tent – the cheapest, for hiking (trampovat), in nature, kind of adventure, not very comfortable but nice experience
Advantages, disadvantages
Hotel – very expensive, only for rich people, you are supposed to give tips, it’s not polite if you don’t give a tip, everything is done for you, everybody is ready to help you, you are served, you have breakfast, lunch and dinner, in good hotel: very good furniture and equipment – TV, radio, a lot of wardrobes, comfortable bed, self service mini bar, telephone, air condition, bathroom, toilet, towels, soaps, they clean it every day, you don’t have to do anything, there can be swimming pool, tennis or squash courts, sauna, fitness...
Camping – you sleep in a tent, it can be exiting, thrilling, nice experience, you are it the middle of nature, you can go to the wood if you want, clear air, you can make a fire, it’s more familiar / it can join people together, sometimes problems with mosquitoes, air condition would be very helpful in a tent, very cheep, you don’t have to give tips, you also don’t have to clean because there it always mess there, you can go to the toilet where you want...
 
You can reserve rooms by the phone, through internet or by post for instance.
Check in : ask whether they have vacant rooms
say how long would you like to stay
ask for a prize, what is included
if they serve the breakfast for example
if you decide to stay, they probably give you a key
 
book a room beforehand   zamluvit pokoj předem
have a room reserved   mít pokoj zamluven
make a room reservation at rezervovat si pokoj v
have you a room vacant máte volný pokoj
we are full up at present máme teď plno
take a reservation in the name přijmout objednávku na jméno
arrange the stay at   zařídit si pobyt v
announce the arrival ohlásit příjezd
take a room najmout si pokoj
put up at hotel ubytovat se v hotelu
residential hotel hotel s možností delšího pobytu
accommodation   ubytování
single room   jednolůžkový pokoj
double room   dvoulůžkový pokoj
extra bed přistýlka
suite apartmá
front room pokoj do ulice
room with view   pokoj s výhledem
with a private bathroom   s vlastní koupelnou
air-condition   klimatizace
will this room suit you bude vám ten pokoj vyhovovat
register přihlásit se k pobytu
fill in vyplnit
show identity card   ukázat občanku
approximate length of the stay přibližná doba pobytu
permanent residence   trvalé bydliště
full board plná penze
half board   polopenze
manager ředitel
staff   personál
receptionist recepční
porter portýr
doorman   vrátný
chamber-maid pokojská
cleaning ladies  uklízečky
bell boy
lift boy
tip   spropitné
hotel rate   hotelová sazba
settle the account   vyrovnat účet
it is included je to započteno
sleep under the canvas   spát pod stanem
pitch a tent  postavit stan
select a site vybrat místo
sleeping bag spací pytel
live close to nature mít blízko k přírodě
life in the open air život v přírodě
put up with the inconveniences smířit se s obtížemi
enjoy the country air   mít rád krajinu
holiday area rekreační oblast
resort   středisko
go abroad jet do ciziny
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