Travelling and turism

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: 1abc
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 14.02.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 084 slov
Počet zobrazení: 6 741
Tlačení: 572
Uložení: 515
Praktické!
Why do people travel? There are many answers and reasons for it. The fact is that for many of us travelling is a true hobby.

We live under continuous stress, surrounded by concrete, brisks and stone.We enjoy coming back to green nature. We take deep breaths of healthy fresh air free of dust and smog. It is lovely to listen to the birds singing, to smell the flowers, to see tress in blossom, and the gleaming surface of a lake.Nature has a positive effect on man s physical and mental well-being.

Nowadays we are able to travel even to distant countries,where we can get acquainted with new cultures,interesting people and their customs, and compare the difference between the way of living in our country and the land we are visiting. Contacts with people help to deepen our knowledge of the history and development of other countries. Many of us are fond of visiting castles,chateaux,palaces,fortresses,ruins,rotundas,churches,cathedrals and temples. The eye s of the visitor are often mesmerized by the mastery work of architects and builders. We would today be hard put to build monuments in the way that they were built in earlier times. In the past,stones,gravel,sand,earth and clay were the primary materials for the building of houses and temples.Today s monuments are a testament to the gradual development of the ages, changing fashions and even political systems. In the past religion had an enormous effect on people s lives.

Lets come back to today s world,though. Having decided to travel, first we ought to know our destination. Even a longer walk around our vicinity , a visit with relatives in the neighbouring village or a bicycle ride can be thought of a as travelling. We can travel in many ways. The simplest way would be to go everywhere on foot. We do not need to worry about missing the bus,running out of gas, our car breaking down or getting into a car accident.

Our own feet will take us everywhere we want to go. We can even get to places that we could never reach by car. When we are tired, we can simply sit down, rest and have a snack. If we like taking longer hikes, which could make us tired , we should take with us proper refreshments,including something to drink. It is important to include in our backpack adhesive plasters and a bandage. One never knows what may happen. That is why it is better to prevent unpleasant accidents before the occur.

Another possibility for our travelling is to go by car. Almost every family today owns a car. Travelling by this means of transportation is quite convenient, because the car can take us relatively quickly to wherever we want to go at the moment. All that we need to do is get in and start driving.As drivers, we should,however , respect certain rules a principles.If we see a prohibition of entering a forest, a meadow or any other place where we want to drive, we would better park at a place where its permitted. It happens that people violate such a prohibitions and thus damage the fauna and flora. Today s advanced civilization builds special roads and motorways for a cars with the rest areas,gas stations and motorests. There a traveller can relax and order a meal, fill up the gas tank, get a car-wash, buy what he needs and the can keep going on this way.

Another popular means of transportation is the bus. Travelling by bus may sometimes by a little uncomfortable, but the situation is gradually improving. Buses are usually equipped with better seats, dark glass against the sun, air-conditioning, television and radio, and often with toilets as well. Some buses even offer travellers food and drink. In such a conditions even a long trip can be rather pleasant. Far more often than long-distance bus lines, we use a city mass transit buses.
We can get around town also by tram, trolleybus and in some city also by a subway.

When getting ready for a trip to a distant country or to a different continent, we can travel by car,bus, ship or aeroplane. The most attractive option is usually to travel by ship and aeroplane . Aeroplanes can take us to our destination in a relatively short period of time.

On board a ship we will spend more time than in a plane. For us, Europeans, a ship is most often used to get from the European mainland to Great Britain and back. On board a ship all is prepared to make the trip as pleasant as possible for a passengers. The possibility of seasickness from the waves is also taken into account.

Bicycle riding is comparable to walking. The reason is that we are spending our own energy to get to our destination. The market for bicycles nowadays offer mountain bikes-made for cross-country riding over fields and steep roads, in mountains and in cities , and road bikes – suitable for travel on quality roads or on bicycle paths.

Hitch-hiking is a very spacial type of travelling.Mostly it is used by young people who are not afraid of taking a risk. Some travellers get to very distant countries in this way. Young people travel mainly for the sake of their education , to improve their language skills and often also for fun and adventure.

If we prefer not to travel alone, we can take advantage of the services offered by travel agencies, who will usually take care of all our needs. They will take care of our accommodation,transportation, health insurance , accident and baggage insurance. It is very important to have a valid passport.
It is good to get and international health insurance card. If we want to take some animal along with us -our dog or cat ,we need also a veterinary certificate of our pet s health. As has been mentioned already ,a travel agency will take care of many things for its customers, accommodation being one of them. For the duration of our vacations or holidays we may live in a chalet, a boarding house or a hotel. Sometimes we prefer to call the hotel directly to be sure that our room has really been reserved. We might not like a room without a view and so we will choose a different one, maybe even one with balcony.
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