Audionahrávka MP3: Education

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Chlapec sp-prace (12)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 06.05.2013
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 068 slov
Počet zobrazení: 3 400
Tlačení: 317
Uložení: 435
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Prepis textu:

Topic number 8: Education....

THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN SLOVAKIA:
The general education in Slovakia is free of charge. You don’t have to pay if you go to a state school but in most private schools you have to pay fees. School attendance in Slovakia is compulsory for children aged from 6 to 15 years.
In Slovakia we have:
1.) state schools.
2.) private schools.
3.) church schools....

Education in Slovakia has these stages:

1.) PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION. It includes nursery schools and kindergartens. They are for children from 3 to 6 years old.
2.) PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Children start attending primary schools when they are 6 years old and finish when they are 15 years old. The children at primary schools study these subjects: mathematics, physics, Slovak language, a foreign language, geography, history and so on.
3.) SECONDARY SCHOOLS. It usually takes from 3 to 4 years to complete secondary education. To complete secondary education you have to pass the final exam. We have to pass the school leaving examination. When children finish the primary school, they can choose one of the following secondary schools:
3.1.) Grammar schools. They prepare students for the university study.
3.2.) Special schools. They include: technical colleges, business academies, music and art schools.
3.3.) Vocational schools. These are apprentice schools that train their students for practical jobs: for example to become a shop assistant, a plumber, a builder or a carpenter.
4.) UNIVERSITIES. If you pass the entrance exam, you can go to a university. The university study takes from 4 to 6 years. When you successfully finish university, you get a diploma and you are awarded with a degree. For example: Bachelor’s Degree (Bc.) and Master’s Degree.
5.) FURTHER EDUCATION. It includes different kinds of training courses. You usually have to pay for them.....

THE BRITISH SYSTEM OF EDUCATION:
The optional school attendance starts at nursery school. Then at kindergarten/infant school. They are supposed to study A, B, C and D class there....
The compulsory school attendance in Britain starts at the age of 5.
Children start primary education. It is divided into first school, prep school and junior school. Pupils at most of the primary and secondary schools have to wear uniforms, which are usually different for every school....
At the age of 11, most children start secondary education. They take ASET, (Second standard assessment test). It is compulsory until the age of 16, when the students take an exam called “GCSE” (General Certificate of Secondary Education). Students, who pass the GCSE exam can attend a 2-years long course and take Alevels examination. They can go to university only if they pass A-levels. Or they can even get GNVQ (General National Vocational qualification).....

THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION:
In the USA there is no national system of education. Each of the 50 American states has its own laws that regulate education. Children begin school at the age of 5 or 6 and finish at the age of 16 or 18....
American children attend:
0.1) Pre-kindergarten. From 3 to 5 years old....
0.2) Kindergarten. from 5 to 6 years old....
1.) Elementary school. they starts compulsory education and it´s from 6 to 11 years old. In elementary school are 5 grades....
2.) Middle school. from 11 to 14 years old. There are grades from 6th to 8th....
3.) Secondary schools. called High school, from 14 to 18 years old. There are grades from 9th to 12th.... When they finish it, they get a high school diploma. During the school attendance, children have to take the SAT (Stanford Achievement Test). The results of this test, are important if the student wants to attend a college or a university.....

THE SCHOOL YEAR:
The school year in Slovakia starts on 2nd of September and ends in June - on the 30th of June. We have 2 terms: a summer term and a winter term. In July and August we have holidays. We also have a few days off school in autumn, during Christmas and a week holiday in spring. We have on average 6 lessons a day. A lesson is 45 minutes long. Between the lessons we have breaks that are 5 or 10 minutes long. We also have a lunch break which is 20 minutes long. Students are evaluated by marks on the scale from 1 to 5 – 1 is the best and 5 is the worst.
During the school year we have some special events, for example: sport events, school trips, we go to the cinema, parent-teacher meetings, graduation balls....

Subjects taught at school during the school year:
1.) compulsory, and 2.) optional.
Subjects are: maths, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, history, foreign languages, technical subjects, PE - physical education, religious education, social sciences.....

Other things you should know:
1.) What is school? School is any place where people learn. For example, college, university, institute and so on....
2.) College is not high school or secondary school. College and university follows after high school. Either you choose one or another. But when you choose college, you finish it and then you can decide whether you go to university or not....
3.) A two year college offers an asssociate´s degree....
4.) A 4-year college or university offers bachelor´s degree.
5.) Most colleges are separated schools. They are not located in university. Some colleges are part of universities and are located on the university campus. The campus is the school building´s surrounding area....

Questions:
How much money do you spend on education and things related to it?
Why do students cheat at school?
Are teacher-parent meetings helpful? In what way? Give reasons.
Education in Slovakia has been free of charge for a long time. Many people now think that the university students should pay tuition fees. What positives or negatives will paying school fees have?
Is truancy a serious problem in Slovak schools?
What should be done to make students attend school regularly?
What subjects do you consider to be the most boring? Why?
Would you like to study abroad? What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying in a foreign country?
Oboduj prácu: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 (10-najlepšie, priemer: 10)


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