Audionahrávka MP3: Multicultural Society

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Chlapec sp-prace (11)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 06.05.2013
Jazyk: Angličtina
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Topic number 19: Multicultural Society....

Multicultural society is a society where people of different nationalities live together.... In the world we can find people of different race, nationality and religion. We all have to learn how to live in tolerance and peace. People shouldn’t be judged according to their race, nationality or religion. We should try to bring people of different nationalities and races together. We all need to live and work together........

Holidays and celebrations in SLOVAKIA.
In Slovakia people celebrate these holidays:
1.) CHRISTMAS. In Slovakia, Christmas is a Christian holiday. People in Slovakia prepare for Christmas long before it comes. They clean and tidy up their house, clean windows, they bake cakes and buy Christmas presents for friends and family....
At home they decorate a Christmas tree with Christmas decorations and lights. People usually buy a fish and some of them have it at home in the bath. In Slovakia, we celebrate Christmas on 24th of December. The family get together and has the Christmas dinner together. We eat soup, fish, potatoes and cakes. After the dinner, the family goes to unwrap their Christmas presents, and after that they usually watch TV or play Social games together....
People celebrate Christmas because it is a Christian holiday. We celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ who was born in Bethlehem. In the evening people go to the Midnight Mass......

2.) NEW YEAR. 1st of January we celebrate the end of the year. The last day of the year is called the New Year’s Eve, which is Silvester in Slovakia. People meet with friends, watch TV or go out to a party and have fun. At midnight they open a bottle of champagne and wish each other love, happiness, health in the new year.....

3.) EASTER. We celebrate Easter in spring. It is a Christian celebration. People celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ. During Easter people paint Easter eggs and bake cakes. Boys symbolically whip girls and pour water over them to keep them healthy. Girls give them painted eggs, chocolate or money in return......

In Slovakia we also celebrate Mother’s day and Father’s day....
Events in Slovakia are very traditional. When two people get married they have a wedding. We have many family celebrations such as birthdays, namedays, school leaving celebrations and many others.....
In Slovakia we have these public holidays, which are connected with our history. For example:
1st January - The Day of the Establishment of Slovak Republic....
5th July - The Day of Saint Methodius and Cyrils...
29th August - The Anniversary of the Slovak National Uprising....
1st September - The Day of the Slovak Constitution.....
15th September - Our Lady of Sorrows.....
17th November - The Day of the fight for the freedom and democracy.........

Holidays and celebrations in GREAT BRITAIN.
St. Valentine´s Day – February 14th. It is lovers´day. Friends and lovers send one another letters of greeting cards expressing their love and affection. Some of them are romantic, humorous, sentimental, satiric or provoking....
All Fools´Day - April 1st. Day full of jokes and tricks. People play tricks on other people and then they shout „April Fool“......
Easter - between March and April. Easter is a Christian festival, it is also a welcome spring holiday....
Good Friday is the Friday before Easter. It is the anniversary of Christ´s crucifixion.
Easter Sunday commemorates the Resurrection of Jesus. Easter eggs, symbolizing new life, are given as present.. Easter Monday is celebrated with fireworks......
Halloween – is celebrated in October 31st. People dress up funny costumes (for example: ghosts, devils, fairies) and go to a party. Children light pumpkins.... People tell tales about ghosts and witches. This tradition marks beginning of winter.....
Christmas – December 24th. Special christmas decorations, coloured lights and Christmas trees can be seen in the streets and shops. Christmas carols are sung almost everywhere. People buy presents. Children hang up Christmas stockings at the end of their beds for Santa Claus and then they go to bed. In the morning children get up early to find presents. Christmas dinner consists of filled turkey and Christmas pudding.....
The 26th of December is called Boxing Day. On this day boxes with presents are given to postmen and other people who do services to the household......
New Year´s Day – January 1st – people sing and dance. Famous place for this event is Trafalgar square.. New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day are not public holidays in England. People go to work as usual........

Celebrations in USA.
Thanksgiving Day is celebrated on the last Thursday in November. People celebrate their first harvest and the first people who came to America.... These days families in USA meet together and they have a big dinner which consists of roast turkey........
Independence Day – July 4th – The Declaration of Independence was signed. People do not go to work and meet together........

There live lot of nationalities in Slovakia. Most of them are people from lands which border with our country. So there live people from Hungary, Czech Republic, Austria, Poland, Ukraine, and people from Germany too. The biggest ethnic minority living in our country is the gypsy minority. They are temperamental and are living on their own. I think most of minorities which are living in our country don’t have different way of life. They live like the Slovak people, there are not differences. They can differ only by colour of their skin, by religion or holidays which they celebrate. I don’t see any other differences.....

In every country there is the majority of people living there as well as some minorities. Government should try to improve the situation so that all people live peacefully and respect each other... People of different nationalities have different cultures, customs and traditions. Every country and every nation has its own traditions, habits and holidays. Living in a multicultural society gives us many advantages. We can share experiences, ideas and it also helps us to learn how to be tolerant and respectful to the people that differ from us... It´s very dangerous when people are not tolerant enough, because it causes racial unrest.....

How can we overcome the differences between different cultures?
There are lot of possibilities of how can we overcome the differences. Everything depends on society. So I think we should recognize other nationalities and their cultures. The first possibility is to be informed and multicultural educated. People should recognize other nationalities, their cultures and traditions. Then they won’t have strange feelings about these people. The other important thing is understanding and respect. We should be tolerant to foreign people and we should try to understand them. In my opinion these relationships would improve if people were more tolerant.

Customs of different countries.
Japan. We must not look people in the eyes. Men take their shoes off before they go to restaurant. They sit on the floor around a small, low table and they sing songs......

Great Britian. They must not point at people. They never ask you a personal questions about your family or job.... They never talk about religion or matters of finance and education.... They stay with safe subjects like the weather, films, books and so on... When the host serves coffee, this is sometimes a sign that the evening is nearly over, but they can have as much coffee as they want.......

Germany. They usually take chocolates or flowers. But they always take an odd number of flowers, and they remove the paper before they give them to the hostess. They can also send flowers before they arrive. They do not usually take wine except when they visit very close friends. They arrive exactly or fifteen minutes before when they are invited......

Taiwan. You must give a gift with both hands.......

China. You must not kiss in public......

Saudi Arabia. They always offer their guests something to drink when they arrive, tea, coffee or water and soft drinks... They think it´s polite to accept a drink even if they are not thirsty. When they have had enough to drink, they tap their cup or put their hand over it. If they say no, their host will insist that they have more drink......

In many religion people don´t eat meat. Moslims don´t eat pork and people in India don´t eat beef......

Problems with multicultural society.
On the negative side, cultural differences can be emphasized in order to divide a society. This can lead to prejudice and discrimination. There will always be people who think, that their religion and culture is superiour and right, and that other beliefs and cultures are inferiour and wrong..... These people will try to keep trouble in a multicultural society, and will try to blame ethnic minorities for social and economic problems even when it´s not true.....
Ethnic minorities may suffer racial disadvantage in a multi ethnic society....
In education, children from ethnic minority groups, like refugees, may not perform as well as they could, simply because they are in an unfamiliar environment.....
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