Audionahrávka MP3: Slovakia My Homeland

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Chlapec sp-prace (11)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 06.05.2013
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 291 slov
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Doporučujeme pozrieť aj iné vypracované témy ako MP3 audionahrávky na https://zmaturuj.zones.sk/vypracovane-maturitne-temy/anglictina/



Prepis textu:

Topic number 25: Slovakia - My Homeland....

General informations.
The official name of our country is The Slovak republic....
1.) LOCATION. Slovakia is situated in the Central Europe. We can say that it is in the heart of Europe... Slovakia is a small country. Its area is 49036 square kilometres. ..It has the population of about 5 and half million people.
It borders on: Czech republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary and Austria......

2.) MOUNTAINS. Slovakia is a very mountainous country.
In the north there are the High Tatras with the highest peak the Gerlach Peak..
There are also other peaks. For example: Kriv�� Peak and tarns. For example Popradsk� pleso....
The Low Tatras. They are not as high as the High Tatras but the nature there is beautiful and it is an ideal place for hiking. The most popular peaks in the Low Tatras are �umbier, Zvolen, Chopok and Kr�ov� Ho�a....
In the west there are the Big Fatra, the Small Fatra, the White Carpathian Mountains, the Small Carpathian Mountains.....
In the east part of central Slovakia there are mountains called the Slovak Paradise and the Slovak Karst......

3.) RIVERS and LAKES. The biggest rivers are the river Danube, Moravia, Hron, Ipe� and Ondava...
The most important river is the river Danube. In Bratislava, Kom�rno and �t�rovo there are also ports. The longest river is the river - Vah. Slovakia doesn�t have many lakes. The most important lakes are in the High Tatras � they are called tarns. For example: Popradsk� pleso and so on...
The biggest dams are Doma�a Dam, Liptov Dam, Orava Water Dam, Zemplinska ��rava� and the biggest water power station is Gabch�kovo.......

4.) CLIMATE in Slovakia is mild. The warmest part of Slovakia is the south......

5.) INDUSTRY and AGRICULTURE. The biggest and for our economy the most important factories are the the US Steel Ko�ice, Volkswagen Bratislava and Slovnaft...
Woodworking industry is based in Zvolen and Bansk� Bystrica.. We can find the food industry in every town in Slovakia. The most important factories are in Bratislava, Bansk� Bystrica and Martin...
The most of the industry is situated in the west of Slovakia, which is bad for people living in other parts of Slovakia - many people are unemployed. For example: in the east or in the north � Kysuce region�
Agriculture is very important for Slovakia. People in Slovakia grow potatoes, sugar beets and corn...
In Pezinok and Modra people usually grow grape-wine... People in Slovakia also grow fruit and vegetables.... Animal production is important too. People keep cows, goats, hens in hen farms, pigs, sheep......... ...

The history of Slovakia.
The area of modern Slovakia was settled by Slavs at the end of the 5th century. They belonged to Samo�s Empire. Later the Samo�s Empire was broken and Slavs became a part of 2 princedoms: Pribina�s Princedom and Mojmir�s Princedom..... These two princedoms were united and they became the Great Moravian Empire.... In 863 Cyril and Methodius came and they brought the Christian religion to this region. They were also the founders of the Slavic script..... At the beginning of the 10th century the Great Moravia ended, and the area of Slovakia became the part of the early feudal Hungarian state. The following centuries were hard for Slavs - there were Tatar and Turkish invasions. They lasted for about 150 years... After that, in the 19th century we became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy... Personalities as �tur, Hurban, Hod�a fought for our independence.... After the World War 1 in 1918 the Czechoslovak republic was established. Later in 1938 the Slovak State. And in 1948 the communists came to power and then we have Czechoslovakia again.... In 1989 there was a revolution in the Czechoslovakia and the two countries were divided. From 1st January 1993 Slovakia is independent......

Places of interest.
There are many interesting places in Slovakia. These are:
Mountains - The High Tatras, The Low Tatras.....
Old towns/villages - Vlkol�nec, �i�many, Vychylovka, Rajeck� Lesn�.....
Caves - The Dob�insk� Ice Cave, Belianska Cave, Domanica......
Castles - Dev�n Castle, Bratislava Castle....
Spa baths - Pie��any, Bardejov, Rajeck� Teplice.......

The nature in Slovakia is very beautiful. In summer we can go hiking. And in winter, we can go skiing in our mountains. We have The High Tatras and The Low Tatras - the nature there is protected by law (TANAP)....
You can also visit old town and villages. For example: Vlkol�nec, Vychylovka where you can see how people in Slovakia lived in the past � there are old wooden houses. Vlkol�nec is protected by UNESCO. In Rajeck� Lesn� there is an old wooden Bethlehem....
In Slovakia there are many caves � The Dob�insk� Ice Cave is the largest ice cave in Europe. Other caves are the Cave of Freedom, Belianska Cave, Gombaseck�.....
There are also some very nice castles in our country. For example:
Bojnice castle � every year there is a ghost festival....
�achtice � a home of a bloody countess Al�beta B�thoryov� who killed young women and bathed in their blood.....
Other castles are Beckov ruins, Trench�n Castle, Bratislava Castle, Spish Castle, Orava Castle, Stre�no, Kr�sna H�rka and so on.....
In Slovakia we have spa baths in Pie��any, Bardejov, Rajeck� Lesn�......
People who come to Slovakia should also visit a historical town called Kremnica. There was a mine for gold and this town is famous for the production of golden coins.......

People and their customs and traditions.
Slovak people are very friendly and hospitable, but they are not very rich. They like traditional music and dancing and therefore there are many folk festivals in Slovakia every year. For example in Detva or V�chodn�... At these festivals you can hear folk music and see many beautiful folk costumes and folk dances. These festivals are also visited by foreign tourists.... We also have typical food. Our national dish is Bryndzov� halushky which is a meal made of potatoes and cheese called bryndza.... We have very good cheese in Slovakia � for example, o�tiepok and parenica.... Slovak national hero is George J�no��k....
Slovak people are Christians and because of this the most important holidays are Christmas and Easter. For Christmas and Easter the Slovak families usually get together � they visit each other, bake cakes and cook traditional meals......

Bratislava.
Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. It is situated on the bank of the river Danube and therefore it has a very good position. It is also an important industrial city and it�s important for our economy. There are many factories. For example: Slovnaft, Volkswagen, Palma and so on.... The city has the unemployment rate of only about 3 %... People who like shopping can shop in popular shopping centres Aupark, Polus and so on...
In Bratislava there are many historical buildings and sightseeing places:
The Slovak National Theatre - on the Hviezdoslav Square. There is a statue of Hviezdoslav � an important Slovak writer..
The Slovak National Theatre new bulding - near to Shopping centre Eurovea, and Apollo bridge..
The Slovak National Gallery..
Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra � REDUTA. It is often used for many social and cultural events..
Grassalkovich Palace� the President�s Palace � it�s the residence of our president....
Primate�s Palace - there is the famous Mirror hall....
Bratislava Castle..
St. Michael�s Gate..
The St. Martin�s Cathedral. In the past kings and queens were crowned there � 11 kings and 8 queens....
Academia Istropolitana � the building of the first university in the Hungarian Kingdom...
Statue of �umil. A statue of a man who is sticking his head out of a hole in the road. It is a popular attraction for tourists...
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