Nature

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Chlapec sp-prace (11)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 31.08.2013
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 184 slov
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Tlačení: 346
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Praktické!

Man and nature
 
The seasons and weather
There are four seasons in a year: spring, summer autumn and winter. Every season lasts 3 months and is specific in its own way.
 
Spring comes in March and nature awakes from winter sleep. The days become longer and the nights become shorter. The ground is covered with new fresh, green grass and the first spring flowers appear everywhere. The trees are covered with new leaves and blossoms. At the beginning of the spring it is still cold, but at the end it gets much warmer. The rain comes occasionally but it does not last long.
 
Then comes summer. Summer is the warmest season of the year. It begins in June and ends in August. The days are the longest within the year- it gets light early in the morning and sundown comes very late in the evening. There are frequent thunderstorms if the air is hot enough and contains a lot of water steam. Summer is time of holidays. People use this season for taking the break from everyday life.
 
Autumn begins in the end of the September. The hours of sunshine is on the decline. In the beginning i tis still warm but with crescent days the weather is colder and colder. The sky is often cloudy and it often rains in October and November. Autumn is also season when fruit and vegetables become ripe. Forests gain coloured appearance because of the brown, red and yellow leaves.
 
Winter lasts from the end of December to the end of the March. This is the coldest period of the year. The nights are much longer than days. Clear blue sky is very rare. It is often cloudy with snowing or raining.
 
Fauna and flora
Flora and fauna refer to plant and wildlife, respectively. The indigenous plant and wildlife of a geographical region is often referred to as that region’s flora and fauna. Both are collective terms, referring to groups of plant or wildlife specific to a region or a time period.
 
Fauna involves animals and their protection. Animals are losing their natural habitat, people kill them for useful parts of their body, they are hunted for ivory, horns, skin, fat, meat. Nowadays, the existence of some plants and animals is in danger. The Red List of Threaten Species created in 1963 gives precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk and provides a list of species that are in danger. There are many world-wide organisations that try to save life on the Earth. They try to protect endangered plant and animal species.
 
Animals can be divide to three groups: wild animals, zoo animals and pets. Wild animals live in their natural habitat and behave proper to species they are. Keeping animals in zoo has some pros and some cons. For example pros: animals are kept in safety, animals have medicine care but there are also some cons: somes has bad living conditions and they haven’t got as much space as in their natural habitat.
 
Conditions of the environment
There are many environmental problems which could have affect on our lifes a they can also cause natural disasters.
To the biggest problems belong:
Global warming-average temperature is rising which can cause droughts in some parts of the world and floods in others. Global warming is caused by greenhouse effect-trapping the sun’s heat in the atmosphere by virtue of carbon dioxide and other gases.
The ozone layer-layer of gas high above the surface of the Earth that helps to protect it from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, which can damage our skins and cause cancer.
Deforestration-trees are cut down for wood or burned to clear the land for farming. This has negative effect on the animals, which live in these forests and also this is ruining of the Earth’s lungs.
Pollution-factories, power stations and motor vehicles pump large quantities of carbon dioxide and other waste gases into the air. This is the major couse of greenhouse effect. Some poisonous gases dissolve in water in the atmosphere and then fall to the earth as acid rain, which damages trees and buildings and can kill fish in rivers and lakes. Rivers can also be polluted by industrial waste from factories and chemical fertilizers and pesticides used by farmers.
 
Protection of the environment
People must realize that protection of the environment is essential. Here are some basic rules, which should be followed:

- Use compact fluorescent light bulbs: 
It is true that these bulbs are more expensive, but they last much longer and they can save energy and in the long term your electricity bill would be reduced.
- Donate:
You have tons of clothes or things you want to get rid of. If they are still usable, give them to someone who needs them. You may also choose to give them to associations. These associations may sell them and collect a little money. Not only will you protect the environment, but you will also contribute to a good cause.
- Turn off your devices: 
When you do not use a house device, turn it off. For example, if you don't watch TV, turn it off. Turn off the light when you leave a room (even if you intend to return.) It's an easy habit to take up which will help you save a lot of money.
- Walk or cycle: 
Driving is one of the biggest causes of pollution. If you want to use your car, ask yourself the following question: do I really need my car? Walk or use your bike if the journey is a short one.
- Detergent:
Follow the recommended dose of detergent to wash your clothes or dishes.
- leaky faucets:
Watch leaky faucets, which can cause a significant increase in the the water bill. An average of 120 litres of water can be wasted due to a dripping faucet.
- Rainwater:
Think of recovering rainwater. This water can be used for different purposes.

Effect of the environment on the humans life
Agritourism, as it is defined most broadly, involves any agriculturally-based operation or activity that brings visitors to a farm or ranch. Agritourism has different definitions in different parts of the world, and sometimes refers specifically to farm stays, as in Italy. Elsewhere, agritourism includes a wide variety of activities, including buying produce direct from a farm stand, navigating a corn maze, picking fruit, feeding animals.
Agriculture (also called farming or husbandry) is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization.
Health food is sometimes used as an term for natural foods, organic foods, whole foods, and sometimes nutritional supplements. Such products are sold in health food stores or in the health/organic sections of supermarkets. "Health food" may also refer to functional food: foods for which a specific claim of health benefits is made, such as that consumption of the food may prevent disease. Additionally, "health food" is sometimes used in contrast with "junk food", which may be high in calories but has little other nutritional value.
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