Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Dievča verca123 (26)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 13.09.2013
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 4 314 slov
Počet zobrazení: 19 767
Tlačení: 409
Uložení: 406

- Describe the dwellings and say whether you would like to live in them or not. List the advantages and disadvantage of each.

- Describe the pictures and compare them with the rooms in your house/flat. Which room /choose from the give ones/ do you spend the most/least time in?

- Compare the places. State the differences in living in these places. Which one would you choose for living? Explain why.
- Choose one picture and describe it. What do you / don’t you like about this dwelling? Imagine you live there. What is your life like?  (Think about inside and outside of the house)

- Looking at the pictures answer the question: “What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in these different places/houses? “

- Compare and contrast these pictures, saying how you feel about living in places like these.

- Where can people live? Name the types of houses and describe them.
- Where do you live, what is your flat/house like? Describe the place, its surrounding and facilities.
- Is there any special feature you like about the place?
- Describe one room in details.
- Do you also have any duties at home? What are they?
- How is the housework divided in your family?
- Are you a DIY person? What are advantages of being a DIY? Would you like to be that kind of person?

8. Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of living in the town/in the village.

- Why do you think people move more and more to the country?
- Would you prefer living in the city or in the countryside? Support your choice.

11.  Where would you like to live?

- What would your dream home be like?

13.  How would you describe housing in Slovakia?

- What are the ways how to „get“to a house/a flat?
- What are the pros and cons of sharing a flat/renting a flat/buying a house?
- What are the problems of living of young people?
- What are the reasons of homelessness?

18.  How would you help homeless people?

- Describe the type of house you live in. What do you especially like about your home?
- What jobs need regularly to be done in your home? Who is responsible for each chore?
- If you didn’t have to worry about money, how would you furnish your dream house?
- Have you ever re-decorated your house or flat? If not, how would you re-decorate it? Think of accessories, decorations, colours...
- What are the cons and pros of living more generations under one roof?
- Where do you think life is easier – in the city or in the country? Why?
- How can young people buy a new flat in Slovakia?
- Describe the type of house you live in. What do you especially like about your home?
- What household jobs do you do? Do you help your parents at home (in the garden)?
- Do you like the area where you live? Is it safe? Is there anything to do in the evenings and at the weekends?
- Where do you think life is easier – in the city or in the country? Why?
- Do you have your own room or do you share it?
- Which household chore do you enjoy most which one do you like least?
- Do you think that housework is mainly the woman’s duty? Why?
- What are the most important characteristics of a home?
- How can you make your place more like a home?
- Where would you like your dream house to be? What type of house would you like?
- If you didn’t have to worry about money, how would you furnish your dream house?
- Do you like where you live?
- Do you feel your room is your kingdom?
- What is more convenient, to buy or to rent a flat?
- Do you keep your home clean and organized?
- Do you keep the area outside your home clean and tidy, too?
- Would you prefer to stay in a village where everybody knows you and is interested in you or to stay in a city alone where you can do whatever without fear of doing something ´not generally acceptable´?
- How would you describe housing in Slovakia? Is it similar to housing in Britain?
- How would you compare housing in Slovakia in the past and at present time?
- Is it easy to rent a flat in Slovakia?
- Would you like to share a flat? What are the pros and cons of sharing a flat?
- Do you have any duties at home? What are they?
- How is the housework divided in your family?
- Is there a garden around your house? Do you like gardening? Is it a useful hobby?
- Have you ever tried to repair anything at home /dripping tap/? Were you successful?
- What are the advantages of being a DIY person?
- Who does repairs in your house/flat?
- What type of house would you like to have?
- Would you like to build your own house?
- If you did not have to worry about money, how would you furnish your dream house? How would you decorate it?
- What types of things make a house into a home?
- How much automation is there in your house?
- What would you expect to find in a fully automated house?

  Role-plays and simulations
- You are thinking of leaving home and renting a house or a flat either on your own or with somebody else.  You have decided to ask your friend whether he/she knows of a suitable place. Ask for the following information: location, size, equipment, furniture, rent. /Role-play/

- Imagine that you have moved out of your parents’ house and they were against it. Describe the situation how they reacted and what reasons you gave to support your decision. /Simulation/

- Your parents decided to move into a village. You are against their decision. Give your reasons why you want to live in the city. /Role-play/

- You live with your parents in a small flat, but luckily you and your much younger sister both have your own bedrooms. Now your parents tell you to share your room with your sister because Dad has just started a new business and he needs one bedroom as a study. What are your arguments against the idea? /Role-play/

- Your parents are considering selling your present flat in town and moving to a small village which is about 25 km away. Their main argument is that they are getting older and they need peace and quiet and you will leave them soon anyway. /Role-play/

- You are strongly against moving anywhere because you like your present flat very much. Think about arguments to persuade your parents to leave things as they are. /Role-play/

- Make a short presentation about the area where you live. Describe the immediate surroundings of your house/flat.  Speak about the facilities, any place of interest and your neighbours. /Simulation/

- A: You are a hotel receptionist. Be prepared to give information about the rooms and the hotel in general. B: You would like to book a room in a hotel. Make a phone call and ask the receptionist about the rooms and the hotel in general. /Role-play/

- môj domov /opis prostredia, v ktorom bývam, vybavenie miestností/
- bývanie v meste a na vidieku /výhody, nevýhody/
- ideálne bývanie /vlastné predstavy o bývaní/
- domov a jeho význam v živote človeka /kultúra bývania u nás a v iných krajinách/
- problém bývania mladých rodín, kúpa a prenájom bytu, deti na sídliskách
Choosing a place to live in is a problem which everybody has to deal with at the beginning of his adult life. The choice is wide – you may live in a village, in a suburban area of a large city or somewhere in the countryside far from other people. There are several types of dwellings in Great Britain you may choose from:
Types of buildings
single-storey house, one-storey house – a house with only one storey
semi-detached house – a house which is joined to another house by one shared wall
a block of flats – a large building with many flats in it. In Britain English flat is used to mean a place where people live, which has a set of rooms including a kitchen and bathroom, and is part of a larger building. Americans use apartment for this meaning. In both countries apartment can be used to mean a large room with expensive furniture, decorations used especially by an important person such as a president.
council house/rented house – a house owned by the council which people pay rent for
cottage – a small house in the country which has been modernized inside
bungalow – a house which is all on ground level /usually  a small one/ popular with older and disabled people
skyscraper – a very tall modern city building
caravan – a vehicle that a car can pull and in which people ca live and sleep
mansion – a large impressive-looking house
palace – a large grand house where a ruling king or queen officially lives
castle – a very large, strong building built in the past as a safe place that could be easily defended against attack
fortress – a large, strong building defending an important place
cabin – a small house, especially  one built of wood in an area of forest
hut – a small, simple building with only 1 or 2 rooms
chalet – a small house, usually with a steeply sloping roof common in places with high mountains and snow such as Switzerland /in Britain a small house in a holiday camp/
farm house -  the main house on a farm, where the farmer lives
manor house – a big old house in the countryside with a large area of land around it
tepee – a round tent used by Native Americans
igloo – a house made fro blocks of hard snow or ice
lodgings – a house where you pay  rent to the owner so you can live in one of their rooms
squat – a house that people are living in without permission and without paying rent
Almost half of all British families own the houses in which they live. In order to buy a house in Britain does not need to have all the money.  There are many special banks from which it is possible to borrow up to 90% of the value of the house.  Of course, not everyone wishes to buy a house and renting is very common, too.
There are several types of houses in Britain: a terraced house, a semidetached house, a detached house, a bungalow and a cottage. Terraced houses are built in a row and are joined one to another to form a street. Two houses joined together by one common wall are called semi-detached houses.  A detached house stands by itself and is not joined to another house. A bungalow is a one-storey house. A cottage is a small village house.
Some people live in flats not houses. A flat is situated on one floor and is designed for one family. A flat forms a part of blocks of flats. It may be very large with nearly as much space as the house, or it may also be one room with a kitchen and bathroom.

A typical British house is set in a small garden and has two storeys. It is usually designed for a family of four or five people.  There is a hall, a front room, a back room, a kitchen, a pantry and a storage space downstairs. A garage is attached to the house. Upstairs, there is one big bedroom and two smaller ones, a bathroom and a lavatory. In comparison to the houses built some fifty years ago, modern houses have central or gas heating installed and the windows double-glazed.
The front room is a sitting room with a fireplace, settee and the armchairs, the wall unit with the hi-fi system, television and video, bookcase and a coffee table. There is a carpet on the floor to make the room warm and comfortable.
The back room is a dinning room containing a table, four or more chairs, and a sideboard. The kitchen furniture includes the kitchen cupboards, sink, stove and fridge-freezer. They are all built in. There is also a table with stools. The floor in the kitchen is tiled. The big room upstairs is the parents’ bedroom. It has a double-bed, built-in wardrobes, dressing table with the mirror on the wall and a stool in front of the table. The small rooms are bedrooms for children or spare rooms for guests of the family.
A typical British house has a garden as the British people are fond of gardening. A beautiful well-kept lawn is a pride of every British family. The British like to spend their free time in their houses. Everyone in the family helps around the house to make it comfortable and nice.

Living condition of American people
depend much on the amount of money they have.  Many wealthy people have very large houses with many rooms, tennis courts and swimming pools. On the other hand, there are also people who are homeless. Homelessness is a big social problem in the U.S.A. Many homeless  people  are  alcoholics  and  mentally-ill  or just  unemployed  people  left  without  living  means.  But as the standard of living is generally very high in the U.S.A., an average American family can live comfortably and well.
In  the centre  of big  American cities  many people  live in apartments  situated  in large  apartment  buildings.  They usually rent apartments which are owned by big companies or private owners. The majority of Americans live in individual, single-family houses with a front and back gardens. Since most of America has a four season climate, the rhythms of life around the house tend to follow the seasons.
In spring people often do a thorough house cleaning called spring cleaning. In summer, the grass must be cut every week and the garden tended. As soon as autumn begins to fall, they must be raked and the storm windows must be put up to protect against the cold. In winter, the walks and driveways must be kept clear of ice and snow.
The houses are well furnished and equipped with modern household appliance. There is usually one or more phones and TV sets stereo and video system, microwave and fridge-freezer in every house.
The American home is a busy and lively place and living in a house is a time-consuming responsibility. There is a lot of work  around the house  throughout the whole  year and the  people  like  to  do  the  work  by themselves. In many American families, children are expected to help around the house. They are given “chores” to do every week and often are rewarded with an allowance of about 10 dollars a week. These tasks might include washing the dishes, vacuuming, mowing the lawn. Not every family believes children should be paid for working around the house. Some people believe that in a family everyone should contribute something for the good of all.
The Americans usually do not stay in the same house their whole lives. Some families like to move to other parts of the country and change houses more than ones in a decade. The moving to other places is never a big charge for a family as the standard living is much the same through the U.S.A.
When people want to buy a house many of them think a lot about the best way of furnishing it. They often get some unit furniture which is very popular and practical too. There is everything from bookshelves and cabinets to writing desks and units for stereo sets. Besides, unit furniture is easy to rearrange when the fancy takes you.
In the kitchen you can introduce various improvements and innovations. People often have a fan installed above the gas stove to prevent kitchen smells from hanging around the house. You can buy a dishwasher – no more washing up, wiping the dishes and cleaning up the sink. There are many kitchen appliances which can save time and work. They should be close at hand, too.
As for the bathroom you can decorate it with some beautiful patterned ceramic tiles and vinyl flooring. You should produce an elegant interior and avoid an over-decorated look. It will take several months to get all this done but in the end you will be able to say: “My house, my castle.”
How to “get” to a house/a flat? /build, rant, buy cash, arrange a mortgage with a bank/
After choosing the place and the type of your future dwelling, you have to tart thinking about money because buying a flat or a house is usually very expensive, but you do not need to have all the money. If you work, you may arrange a mortgage with a bank. Young people who cannot afford to buy a flat often choose to live in rented accommodation. Nowadays it is quite common for young people and especially students living in large cities to rent a flat/house and share the costs.

Useful vocabulary:

bungalow,  terraced house,  ranch house,  block of  flats, TV aerial,  chimney,  tiled  roof,  gutter, shutter, windowsill, pillar,  porch,  drainpipe,  security  light, skirting board, dustbin, drive,  attic, banisters,  landing  floorboards, basement, garden, lamp-post, gate, gatepost, fence, pavement, drain, kerb, flowerbed, streetlight,stairs,hedge, lawn, front door, letter box
kitchen  -  oven glove, cupboard,  fry,  bin, roast, bake, tap, sink,  draining board,  scouring pad, washing-up liquid, breadbin, scales, spatula,  cake  tin,  corkscrew,  drawer, fire extinguisher, funnel, floor,  baking  tray, burn,  measuring spoons, breadboard, napkin, worktop, dishcloth,  tin  opener, cutlery, measuring jug, mess, leave, tidy up, noise,  put away, use up, clean, switch off, wash up, to sweep, to dust, to beat the carpets
housing  estate,  housing  problem,  let  a  house, pay rent, landlord, landlady, share a room  with sb, knock at the door, ring the  bell, staircase,  ceiling, cosy, stove, chest of drawers,  dressing-table, central heating, gas heating, coal burning stove, to heat by fuel oil, household appliances /freezer, fridge, cooker, microwave, washing  machine, dishwasher,  kettle, toaster,  food processor, vacuum cleaner, hair-dryer, mixer, liquidizer, stove, electrical cooker, gas-ring, oven, pressure cooker, air-conditioner, fire alarm, burglar alarm, door bell/, kitchen-range, do one\'s room, dust, air the room,  help around the house, ground floor,  occupy,  upstairs,  downstairs,  council house, interior, fireplace,  yard, surround,  cash, ready cash  /peniaze  na  okamžité  použitie/  beyond our means /nad naše finančné možnosti/, mortgage, a flat of their own,  there are  no stairs  to climb  /nemusí sa  chodiť hore  schodmi/, surroundings,
to build a house, building site, bricklayer, mason, architect, painter, fitter, plumber, electrician, block of flats, to move in, accommodation, caretaker, dwelling, to settle down, courtyard,  to climb the stairs, go up the lift, front/back/side door, swing/sliding door, door-handle/knob, blinds, curtains, Venetian blinds, oblong/square/round table, drawer – chest of drawer, to lay the table, to make the beds, cot/crib, cradle, sofa/couch, bunk bed, settee, coffee table, wall unit, wallpapers, paint, build-in wardrobe, mirror, shelf, sideboard, can chairs, dressing table, bedspread, bedside table, dish rack, tea towel, tools /brush, cloth, broom, duster/, detergents /liquids, sprays, powders/, 


Some things you are supposed to do /and not to do/ in your house or flat:
- tidy things up and put them away when you\'ve finished using them /don\'t leave them
  lying around/
- wash up /or wash the dishes/ after a meal, and clear things away
- keep your room clean and tidy /don\'t make a mess/
- don\'t make too much noise
- switch/turn lights off when you leave a room /don\'t leave them on/
- don\'t use up too much hot water


Labour-savings  devices  /=machines  or  appliances that save time and work in the home/
-  vacuum cleaner = cleaning carpets, washing machine = washing clothes, sewing machine = sewing, making clothes, food processor = preparing food, cooker = cooking food, microwave oven = cooking food quickly, electric drill = repairing things, drilling, iron = ironing clothes, dishwasher = washing dishes
Vacuum cleaners are also called hoovers,  and we use the expression to hoover the carpets.


Rooms - hall, corridor, kitchen, living room/sitting room, bedroom, children’s room, bathroom, lavatory/toilet, study-room, garage, dining room, lounge/parlour, bedsitter /bedroom+sitting room in one room/, guest room, spare bedroom, playroom, larder/pantry, basement, cellar, attic, loft corridor
Features of a living room:
Rooms may have old or modern furniture. This may include armchairs, a sofa, or bookshelves.
People often use rugs, cushions and plants to add colour to a room, and put ornaments, pictures or photographs round the walls. The walls may be painted or have wallpapered. The room may have doors or French windows /=glass doors/ leading onto a balcony or a patio.


Living in the country


fresh air, water, clean nature
own family house
friendly, helpful neighbours
silence, quite life
less traffic
closer to the nature
better relations among people

more work around the house
less entertainment, no cultural possibilities
no cinema, theatre
less sports facilities
less opportunities to find a job
no hospitals, schools
students have to travel to school
no privacy /everybody knows everybody
only one small shop, no department stores

Living in the city
restaurants, museums
shopping facilities
rich social life
a choice of public transport
job opportunities

higher pollution
street crime
peace and quit
expensive to live in
crowded, dirty transport

I would like to live in a city/ a town/ the country.
My dream house should be in peaceful natural surroundings/the mountains.
My dream is to live far away from people/near the ocean.
When I start daydreaming, I would like to live on a tropical island/ where there are many exotic plants and animals.
I would like to have a mansion with many rooms/ cottage that is easy to maintain/ split-level house.
I would also like to have a large garden/swimming pool/two-car garage.
I would prefer to have a luxury flat because it takes less work to keep it clean and tidy.
I would buy for my house custom-made furniture/ original paintings/ Persian carpets.
If money was not a concern, I would also build a/an sauna/ private gym/ indoor heated pool.
For decorations I would like to have special lightning/ crystal chandeliers/ floor-length curtains.
My colour scheme would also include …. /colour/for a hallway/bathroom/kitchen.

Home automation
is big business in Japan. What does a dream house look like? There is a button computer console that allows people to control every light switch in the house, start the bath or shower running at precisely the temperature you choose, lock all the doors and program the air-conditioners. The door open and shut automatically as they approach. Smoke ad fire alarms, gar leak sensors and panic buttons are also wired in. If somebody breaks in, the security system will get in touch with the police. Home automation has great advantages. You do not have to waste your energy. It is convenient because you can operate everything from one spot. This house thinks for itself.


Home is an emotional word that consists of many parts including geographical location, emotional ties, housing, interior furnishings and décor. People usually try out several different places till they find the one that suits them best. Inside their homes, people surround themselves with beautiful and meaningful things, making their home, their sanctuary, their refuge.
What is a home as distinct from a house? A little child thinks it is “Mummy and Daddy, plenty of toys and bedtime stories”. An efficient woman said, “Home means a lot of drudgery if you want if have it clean and comfortable.” A man of forty said it was a place he returned after work to enjoy a hearty meal and his well-earned rest. A working woman said home was a place she never forgot trying to remember all the things she had left undone before leaving home in the morning and those to be done on her way home and on getting in. An architect said: “A home is any dwelling, from a royal palace or a castle to the most humble cottage, plus the people living in it as a family unit.”


Old towns – New housing estates
Many towns are now made up of two different parts – the old own and the new town. In the old town there is usually an impressive square with a town hall, a church, a theatre, a memorial or a fountain. Not any original buildings dating back to the 17th century or earlier have survived to the present day. They have either burnt down or been rebuilt.
The other part of the town, the new town is a vast housing estate, and often more people live there than in the original town. These new housing developments are meant to solve the housing problem in the country. But it will take many more years yet before everybody can get a flat instantly or can even choose where he would like to live. Some people, for instance, would like to have a fine view of the surrounding countryside from a upper floor of a town block, while others would prefer living on the second floor of a low-rise building so that they could keep an eye on their children nearby.
When the first people begin to move into a new housing estate, it is usually far from finished, and more blocks of flats are still under construction. But when the estate is finished, it is a pleasant place to live in.
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