Family + slovná zásoba

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: maturant
Typ práce: Referát
Dátum: 09.04.2008
Jazyk: Angličtina
Rozsah: 1 833 slov
Počet zobrazení: 60 357
Tlačení: 1 540
Uložení: 1 349
Family is a group of people consisting of one or two parents and their children. There are also other family members like grandmothers and grandfathers, aunts and uncles etc. These people live mostly together, they visit each other , they meet each other by special occasions like birthday, Christmas ,weddings or by celebrations. There we can see our whole family, we have chance to talk to people, who we don´t see very often.

Family that are people, who take care of us, who love us and who always stand by us. They are with us in all the important moments of our lives. It doesn´t matter if it´s large or small family, the most important thing is, that there is always somebody for us. Somebody who supports us, who can give advice to us and who brings us up.

My family is quite large, I live with my parents and with my grandmother. I have also another grandmother and grandfather, two aunts , one uncle and four cousins.

My parents are great. My mother is very important person for me. She can always help me, when I need it. She is tolerant and understanding, I can talk with her about everything. She always can give me advice, when I need it. Sometimes we argue, but I think it´s normally in every family. My father is very important person for me too. He support´s me in every moment of my life. He is very nice and funny, we usually have a lot of fun. He isn´t strict, he is tolerant. I think my parents are simply the best parents in the world.

The relationships in my family are very good and strong. Naturally I see my parents every day. I see my grandmother every day too, because she lives with us. I visit my grandparents every Sunday, because they live in the same town like I live in. I see my other family members quite often. We met together by birthdays and by celebrations. I like to spend time with my family, because there is alwys a lot of fun and a lot of tasty food. I like my all family and I am glad, that I have this great family . Of course I am very happy, that all these people are alwys here for me.


1. What is your family like? How many siblings have you got?
I have a large family. I have mother and father, grandparents, aunts, uncle and cousins. I am the only child. I think it´s quite difficult to be the only child. My parents are very worrying about me. They say , that I should take care of me, because they have only me.
Of course I have to do all the chores. There are also some advantages. They can buy me more things. But I think it´s better and easier  to have  brothers and sisters.

2. Describe the relationships in a family.
The relationships can be very different. The good relationships are in families, where parents don´t argue, and if they argue it´s only sometimes. Children are dutiful, and they all  live happy together.
There are also families, which haven´t good relationships. Families with broken relationships. The single-parent families, if a parent has died or parents have divorced. Children can also live with stepparents. Life can be more difficult for this children, they can have problems, they parents are more often arguing.

3. Choose a member of your family and describe him.
My mother is very important person for me. She brings me to life. She is tolerant and understanding. She can alwys help me, when I need it. We can talk about everything, she can alwyas give me advice. Sometimes we have arguments, but not very often. I think she is great. She has short curly hair, that are dark brown. She has small brown eyes. Her figure is average, she likes wearing comfortable clothes (jeans with T-shirt or pullower). She likes reading and watching Tv. I think, she is perfect. Only one think I hate on my mother, she smokes cigaretts. But she promised me, that in short time she wants to stop with it.

4. What types of problems have you had with your parents since you have been a teenager?
Only sometimes we had arguments. They were affraid of me. I always have to be at home at 10 pm in the week. But I think it´s normally, every parents are affraid of their kids. My parents are very tolerant, they know, that I am enough responsible and they can trust me.

5. What are the pros and cons of coming from a large family?

I think the pros are, that you can never feel lonly. There is every minute sombody for you. All of these people can help you, when you need it. They can talk with you about your problems and troubles.
The cons are , that you have any privacy. All the time there are lot of people. You never can be alone. You always  have to share about things with somebody.

6. How would you like to have lots of brothers and sisters. Explain.
I don´t know if it´s an advantage to have a lot of siblings, because I am the only child. But I think, it can be better. Sometimes I feel lonely. The pros are, that your parents can argue with other children, not only with you. And it´s a big advantage.
 You haven´t to do all the chores, because there are other children to do that. The chores are divided. One child can do the washing up, the other can do the tidy up etc.

7. Are your parents strict or tolerant? What rules do they set?

My parents aren´t strict. They are very tolerant. They know, that I am enough responsible and they can trust me. They have set only few of rules. For example, I have to help with chores. When I go out, I have to say with who I am, I have to say where will I go and I have to say what time I will go home. And when I want to be out longer time, I have to make a phone call. I have to tell my parents what time I will go home. I think this rules are ok and I am keeping them.

8. What is family life in Slovakia? Describe the average Slovak family.
The family life in Slovakia is the same like the family life in the whole world. The average family consists of parents and one or two children Parents have a work, they earn money. Their children go to school. They live together, they are on friendly terms with each other. Sometimes they have arguments. They have to solve problems and troubles like the other families.
They met their another family by celebrations or by regular family meetings. There they can talk to people , who they don´t see very often.

9. How are household chores divided up in your family?
By us are the chores divided. My mother always cooks, she cooks delicious food. When my mother works, cooks my father He is a very good cook too. My mother also do the tidy up and the washing up. I help her usually. My father do the vacuum cleaning. I always wash the clothes.  

10. Do you like the idea of a husband taking a paternity leave? Why?
I like the idea of a husband taking the paternity leave. But only in special case. If husband earns enough money it´s better, when wife stays at home with child.
 On the other hand, when wife earns more money, it´s better when the husband stays with child. The both parents love the child and it doesn´t matter who stays at home with it.

11. What are the most common complaints parents in our country have about their kids?
The parents are mostly complaining, that they children have bad school reports. That they don´t learn enough. That they don´t do the chores. That they go home late. That they don´t respect the rules, that they have set. Sometimes parents are complaining,that children don´t respect them.   

12. Should badly-behaved children be educated separetly?
Yes, I think so. This children are behaving badly. If they are in classic classes, they can have bad influence on the other children in the class. In our country there are special classes for badly-behaved children. It´s class with only few of this kids. The teacher spends more time with this children and they can´t behave badly.

13. What institution in Slovakia can help parents  who have problems with their children´s behaviour?
In Slovakia there are lot of institutions, for example there are special schools with special classes. Where can bad- behaved child spend more time with the teacher. There are also psychological advisers, who can help parents. They can give them advice of bringing up their children .

14. Should children get a pocket money? Why? Why not?

I think, that they shouldn´t get pocket money. Parents should give them money, when they need it. Children have always to say for what they need money. If parents give their kids pocet money, they don´t know for what it is. They can buy what they wants, drugs or cigaretts and it´s not good.

15. How much pocket money should parents give? Why?

I think, they should give their children not very much money. If a child have a lot of money, it can buy everything and it isn´t very good. Parents should give them money when they need it. For example for school or for cinema, but not too much.

16. What are the pros and cons of rewaring children for doing chores?

I think,there are any pros. If child get money for doing chores  it makes it only for money. It don´t want to help their parents, it wants only more money.

family backround    rodinné zázemie
ancestor    predok
descendant    potomok
marital status    manželský stav
single    slobodný
married    ženatý/vydatá
divorced    rozvedený
separated    odlúčený
widow    vdova
widower    vdovec
orphan     sirota
to propose    požiadať niekoho o ruku
proposal    žiadosť o ruku
engagement    zasnúbenie
to be engaded    byť zasnúbený
fiancé    snúbenec
fiancée    snúbenica
wedding-religious    cirkevná svadba
by banns    ohlášky
by licence    povolenie na sobáš
without a religious ceremony    bez cirkevného obradu
registry office    matrika
bride attendants    z nevestinej strany
wedding breakfast    svadobná hostina
wedding cake    svadobná torta
honeymoon    medové týždne , svadobná cesta
wedding anniversary    výročie svadby
relative/relations    vzťahy
next of kin    najbližšia rodina
kinship    príbuzenstvo
spouse    manžel
husband    manžel
wife    manželka
offspring    potomkovia
son    syn
daughter    dcéra
twins    dvojčatá
siblings    súrodenci
sister    sestra
brother    brat    
half-brother    nevlastný brat
step-sister    nevlastná sestra
in-laws    švagrovci
mother in law    svokra
sister in-law    švagriná
granparents    starí rodičia
great –grandfather    pradedo
niece    neter
nephew    synovec
cousin    sesternica, bratranec
uncle    ujo
aunt    teta
adults    dospelí
children    deti
baby    nemluvňa
toddler    batoľa
teenager    teenager
adolescent    dospievajúci
grown up    dospelý
family relatinships    vzťahy v rodine
take after someone    podať sa na niekoho
get on with    vychádzať s niekým
respect    rešpektovať
admire/look up to    obdivovať niekoho
bring up/raise a child    vychovávať dieťa
rear    vychovať

From book

apart    oddelený
budget    rozpočet
concern    znepokojenie, obavy
disruptive    neposlušný, hyperaktívny
estimate    odhadovať
exaggerate    zveličovať
graduation    promócie
highlight    osvetliť, zvýrazniť
mortgage    hypotéka    
paternity leave    materská dovolenka otca
rearing    výchova
reveal    odhaliť    
scold    vyhrešiť, napomínať
shortage    nedostatok
guideline    návod
bribe    podplácať
complaint    sťažnosť
cope verb    čeliť problémom
entrepreneur    podnikateľ
expense    peňažný výdavok
flourish    narastať
hide and seek    hra na skrývačku
interfere    zasahovať
pay off    splatiť
protective    ochraňujúci
remind    pripomínať
reunion    stretávka    
supervise    usmerňovať
yell    vrieskať
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Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

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