Human relationships

Cudzie jazyky » Angličtina

Autor: Dievča anika (24)
Typ práce: Maturita
Dátum: 22.06.2011
Jazyk: Angličtina
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Human relationships

We include here the relationships between:
- Men and women in general:
- A man and a woman  (romantic relationships, love, marriage…)
- Friendship
- Different races, religions and social groups
- Society and disabled people

Relationship is the way people behave towards each other. When two people are friendly towards each other and get on well together, we say that they have a good relationship.
Relationships can be formal – for example public relations or diplomatic relations or informal – for example personal relationships, romantic relationships, friendship.

1. The relationship between men and women in general has changed over years. Women were not treated equally to men in the past – they didn’t have equal rights. In the past women stayed at home and looked after children. They didn’t have a job and couldn’t vote. Today women have better jobs and better educational opportunities. Formally women have equal rights to men but they still do not have equal political power or it is difficult for them to get a leading position in a company.
 
2. The relationship between a man and a woman – young people – girls and boys – like to go out together. The boy usually asks the girl out => we say that they go on a date. If they don’t understand each other and argue a lot, they break up /split up/. If their relationship lasts and they get to know each other, they can fall in love and have a romantic relationship. Later they get engaged and they get married. When they get married, they become a husband and a wife. Some couples have problems in the marriage – for example:
-  they don’t understand each other
-  they argue a lot (because of money, they don’t like their new relatives and so on.)
-  one of the partners can start having an affair / romance / a flirt => he/she falls in love with somebody else and finds a lover.
If there are too many problems in the marriage, they can get a divorce.
 
3. Friendship – when we make friends, we usually try to find people who have similar hobbies and attitudes towards life as we do. A friendship between a man and a woman can sometimes change into love. I think that friendship is very important in our life. People often say: “A friend in need is friend indeed” /V núdzi poznáš priateľa/ and I think it is true because friends are here to help us when we need help. Most people have a best friend.
A best friend is someone who:
-  is always here for  you when you need him
-  he always helps you when you have problems
-  he always finds time to listen to you
-  he doesn’t envy when you are happy and successful
-  he helps you when other people disappoint you and let you down
-  he can also forgive and forget when you disappoint him
 
4. The relationship between different races, religions and social groups – in many countries the relationship towards other races, religions and social groups is very bad. In every country there live minorities – for example Gypsies, people who have a different colour of the skin – for example black people, Chinese people, people from India and so on. These relationships are based on prejudice, intolerance and narrow-mindedness. Sometimes people are rude towards these people because they know nothing about them and they are suspicious.

5. Society and disabled people – people usually had prejudices or they were ignorant towards disabled people in the past but the situation nowadays is better because people have more information. There are many organizations that help disabled people and look after them. Some disabled people are very intelligent – for example Dr. Stephen Hawkin – he is a scientist, he writes books and lectures at the Oxford University – he cannot move and is in his wheelchair. Many disabled people are artists, actors, sportsmen – they can participate at the Paralympic Games.
 
6. HUMAN CHARACTERISTICS:
 
a character – povaha
 
POSITIVE:
reliable – spoľahlivý
understanding – chápavý
responsible – zodpovedný
fair – férový
trust – dôvera
loyal - lojálny
warm-hearted – dobrosrdečný
helpful – nápomocný
sincere – úprimný
polite – slušný
kind – milý
to have a sense of humour – mať zmysel pre humor
friendly – priateľský
sociable – spoločenský
hospitable – pohostinný
generous – štedrý
hard-working – usilovný
practical – praktický
sensible – rozumný
talkactive – ukecaný
honest – čestný
 
NEGATIVE:
envious – závistlivý
envy – závidieť
to be fond of gossip – byť klebetný
hypocrite – pokrytecký
stubborn – tvrdohlavý
suspicious – podozieravý
quarrelsome – hádavý
greedy – chamtivý
coward – zbabelý
mean – lakomý
selfish – sebecký
jealous – žiarlivý
rude – drzý

Vocabulary:
human relationships – ľudské vzťahy
formal relationships – formálne vzťahy
informal relationships – neformálne vzťahy
diplomatic relationship – diplomatické vzťahy
public relationships – verejné vzťahy
personal relationship – osobný vzťah
have a good relationship with somebody – mať s niekým dobrý vzťah
a friendship – priateľstvo
be friendly / unfriendly towards somebody – byť k niekomu priateľský / nepriateľský
get to know somebody – spoznať niekoho
make friends – nájsť si priateľov
true friends – praví priatelia
A friend in need is friend indeed. – V núdzi poznáš priateľa.
mutual - vzájomný
treat people – zaobchádzať s ľuďmi
get on well with somebody – dobre s niekým vychádzať
romantic relationship – romantický vzťah
fancy – mať o niekoho záujem
fall in love with somebody– zamilovať sa do niekoho, zaľúbiť sa
ask somebdy out – pozvať niekoho von
go out with somebody – ísť s niekým von
be dating – randiť
a date – rande
get engaged – zasnúbiť sa
get married – zosobášiť sa => oženiť sa / vydať sa
couple – dvojica, pár /manželský, partnerský.../
husband – manžel
wife – manželka
mother-in-law – svokra
father-in-law – svokor
brother-in-law – švagor
sister-in-law - švagriná
have an affair / romance – mať pomer
have a flirt – flirtovať
break up / split up – rozísť sa
divorce – rozvod
get a divorce – rozviesť sa
prejudice – predsudok
intolereance – netolerancia
open-minded person –  človek otvorený novým názorom, nezaujatý človek, názorovo tolerantný
narrow-minded person – zaujatý človek /nemá rád nové myšlienky, názory .../
similar – podobný
argue – hádať sa
last – trvať, pretrvať
attitude – postoj
towards – k
disappoint – sklamať
let somebody down – zradiť niekoho, sklamať (He let me down. = Sklamal ma.)
forgive – odpustiť
forget - zabudnúť
in general – vo všeobecnosti
change – zmeniť
treat somebody equally – zaobchádzať s niekým rovnako
in the past – v minulosti
equal rights – rovnaké práva
stay – zostať
look after – starať sa o niekoho
vote – voliť
opportunity – príležitosť
still – ešte stále
power – moc
get – dostať
a leading position – vedúca pozícia
a company – organizácia, spoločnosť
race – rasa
religion – náboženstvo
social group – sociálna skupina
minority – menšina
Gypsies – Cigáni, Rómovia
skin - pokožka
society – spoločnosť
disabled people – invalidní ľudia
nowadays – teraz, v dnešnej dobe
a scientist – vedec
lecture – prednášať
move – hýbať sa
wheelchair – invalidný vozík
participate – zúčastniť sa
 
10. Human relationships - dodatok
 
Relationships are very important in human life. We know different kinds of relationships. For example:

- love – láska
- friendship – priateľstvo
- relationships between neighbours – vzťahy medzi susedmi
- relationships to disabled people and homeless people – vzťahy k invalidným ľuďom a bezdomovcom
- relationships between the older generation and the younger generation – vzťahy medzi staršou a mladšou generáciou

 
Friendship – when we make friends, we usually try to find people who have similar hobbies and attitudes towards life as we do. A friendship between a man and a woman can sometimes change into love. I think that friendship is very important in our life. People often say: “A friend in need is friend indeed” /V núdzi poznáš priateľa/ and I think it is true because friends are here to help us when we need help. Most people have a best friend.
A best friend is someone who:
-  is always here for  you when you need him
-  he always helps you when you have problems
-  he always finds time to listen to you
-  he doesn’t envy when you are happy and successful
-  he helps you when other people disappoint you and let you down
-  he can also forgive and forget when you disappoint him
People like to meet their friends – men in pubs and women in a cafes – they usually chat and gossip /klebetia/.
 
Relationships between neighbours – people have different relationships with their neighbours:
Some people get on well /vychádzajú dobre/ with their neighbours – they help each other when they need help, they visit each other /navštevujú sa navzájom/ and they are good friends.
Some neighbours have a neutral relationships – they don’t see each other very often, they only say hello to each other when they meet.
Some neighbours have a bad relationship – they don’t like each other because they argue, usually because of land, garden… This happens especially when there is a big difference between the neighbours – for example younger and older neighbours – the older neighbours don’t like loud music and so on.
 
Relationships to disabled people and homeless people
Disabled people - people usually had prejudices or they were ignorant towards disabled people in the past but the situation nowadays is better because people have more information. There are many organizations that help disabled people and look after them. Some disabled people are very intelligent – for example Dr. Stephen Hawkin – he is a scientist, he writes books and lectures at the Oxford University – he cannot move and is in his wheelchair. Many disabled people are artists, actors, sportsmen – they can participate at the Paralympic Games.
I have never helped to any disabled person because I have never had an opportunity. But if someone asks me for help, I will be happy to help him/her.
Homeless people - I am sorry for homeless people because they have nowhere to live – I try to help homeless people, for example I buy a magazine Nota Bene. This magazine is sold by homeless people and it gives them a chance to earn some money for better life.
 
Relationships between the older generation /grandparents/  and the younger generation /grandchildren/
Sometimes there are generation problems between the younger generation and the older generation. Older people usually don’t understand young people. I have a good relationship with my grandparents. I often visit them. We usually talk about my school and television programs. We often discuss the television news.
I also have a good relationship with my parents. I can tell them about my problems and they always listen to me and help me. With my father we usually discuss football and hockey.
 
Vocabulary:
relationship – vzťah
important – dôležitý
human life – ľudský život
kind – druh
make friends – spriateliť sa
try – pokúsiť sa, skúsiť
similar – podobný
attitudes towards life – postoje k životu
change – zmeniť sa
it is true – je to pravda
need – potrebovať
envy – závidieť
disappoint – sklamať
let down – zradiť
forgive – odpustiť
forget – zabudnúť
chat – debatovať, kecať
neighbours – susedia
each other – navzájom, jeden druhému  /They help each other when they need help. – Pomáhajú si navzájom, keď potrebujú pomoc./
say hello – pozdraviť /niekoho/
argue – hádať sa /They argue, usually because of land, garden.. – Hádajú sa, zvyčajne kvôli pôde, záhrade…/
happen – stať sa
difference – rozdiel
loud music – hlasná hudba
disabled people – invalidní ľudia
prejudices – predsudky
towards – k
in the past – v minulosti
nowadays – v súčasnosti
look after – starať sa
a scientist – vedec
he lectures at the Oxford University –  prednáša na univerzite v Oxforde
move – hýbať sa
wheelchair – invalidný vozík
artist – umelec
actor – herec
participate – zúčastniť sa
I have never helped to any disabled person because I have never had an opportunity. = Nikdy som nepomohol invalidnému človeku, pretože som nikdy nemal príležitosť.
ask for help – požiadať o pomoc
I am sorry for homeless people – je mi ľúto bezdomovcov
they have nowhere to live – nemajú kde bývať
This magazine is sold by homeless people and it gives them a chance to earn some money for better life. = Tento časopis je predávaný bezdomovcami a dáva im šancu zarobiť si peniaze na lepší život.
understand – rozumieť
discuss – diskutovať o
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